497
Table of Contents

Filed Pursuant to Rule 497

Securities Act File No. 333-182785

 

LOGO

Supplement No. 1, dated November 6, 2014

to

Prospectus Supplement, dated August 21, 2014

This supplement contains information which amends, supplements or modifies certain information contained in the Prospectus of Fidus Investment Corporation (the “Company”), dated April 29, 2014, as supplemented by the Prospectus Supplement dated August 21, 2014. Capitalized terms used but not defined herein shall have the same meaning given them in the Prospectus Supplement or Prospectus, as applicable.

You should carefully consider the “Risk Factors” beginning on page 11 of the Prospectus Supplement and page 11 of the Prospectus before you decide to invest.

STATUS OF OUR OFFERING

On August 21, 2014, we established an at-the-market program to which this Supplement No. 1 and the Prospectus Supplement, dated August 21, 2014, relate and through which we may sell, from time to time and at our sole discretion, up to $50.0 million of our common stock. The gross proceeds raised, the related sales agent commission, the offering expenses and the average price at which these shares were issued from the period of August 21, 2014 through November 6, 2014 are as follows:

 

(In thousands, except shares and per share data)  

Fiscal Year 2014 Issuance of Common Stock

   Number
of Shares
     Gross
Proceeds
     Sales Agent
Commission
     Offering
Expenses
     Average
Offering
Price
 

Fourth Quarter (through November 6, 2014)

     —         $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —     

Third Quarter ended September 30, 2014

     153,541       $ 2,850       $ 43       $ 13       $ 18.56   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total

     153,541       $ 2,850       $ 43       $ 13       $ 18.56   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

FILING OF FORM 10-Q

On November 6, 2014, we filed our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Form 10-Q”) for the quarter ended September 30, 2014 with the Securities and Exchange Commission. We have attached the Form 10-Q to this supplement as Annex A.

 

 


Table of Contents

ANNEX A

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

þ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2014

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from             to            

Commission file number 814-00861

Fidus Investment Corporation

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

Maryland   27-5017321

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

1603 Orrington Avenue, Suite 1005

Evanston, Illinois

  60201
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)

(847) 859-3940

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

n/a

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ¨    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨    Accelerated filer   þ
Non-accelerated filer   ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  þ

As of November 5, 2014, the Registrant had outstanding 16,026,553 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

TABLE OF CONTENTS

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

 

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION   

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements.

     3   
 

Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities — September 30, 2014 (unaudited) and December 31, 2013

     3   
 

Consolidated Statements of Operations — Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014 (unaudited) and 2013 (unaudited)

     4   
 

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Net Assets — Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014 (unaudited) and 2013 (unaudited)

     5   
 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows — Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014 (unaudited) and 2013 (unaudited)

     6   
 

Consolidated Schedules of Investments — September 30, 2014 (unaudited) and December 31, 2013

     7   
 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

     14   

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

     28   

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

     40   

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures.

     40   
PART II — OTHER INFORMATION   

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings.

     41   

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors.

     41   

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

     41   

Item 3.

 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

     41   

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures.

     41   

Item 5.

 

Other Information.

     41   

Item 6.

 

Exhibits.

     42   

Signatures

     43   

Exhibit Index

     44   

 

2


Table of Contents

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities

(In thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

     September 30,
2014
(unaudited)
    December 31,
2013
 

ASSETS

    

Investments, at fair value

    

Affiliate investments (cost: $96,851 and $88,983, respectively)

   $ 83,704      $ 82,444   

Non-control/non-affiliate investments (cost: $247,546 and $226,231, respectively)

     252,778        224,537   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investments, at fair value (cost: $344,397 and $315,214, respectively)

     336,482        306,981   

Cash and cash equivalents

     8,488        53,418   

Interest receivable

     4,929        2,487   

Deferred financing costs (net of accumulated amortization of $2,571 and $2,102, respectively)

     3,600        3,152   

Proceeds receivable from stock offering

     32,440        —     

Prepaid expenses and other assets

     7,156        1,224   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

     393,095        367,262   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES

    

SBA debentures

     145,500        144,500   

Accrued interest and fees payable

     541        2,198   

Due to affiliates

     4,623        5,582   

Taxes payable

     —          3,571   

Accounts payable and other liabilities

     481        286   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     151,145        156,137   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net assets

   $ 241,950      $ 211,125   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

ANALYSIS OF NET ASSETS

    

Common stock, $0.001 par value (100,000,000 shares authorized, 15,943,139 and 13,755,232 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively)

   $ 16      $ 14   

Additional paid-in capital

     241,968        206,123   

Undistributed net investment income

     2,672        3,221   

Accumulated net realized gain on investments (net of taxes)

     6,420        11,212   

Accumulated net unrealized (depreciation) on investments

     (9,126     (9,445
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total net assets

   $ 241,950      $ 211,125   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net asset value per common share

   $ 15.18      $ 15.35   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).

 

3


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

     Three months ended September 30,     Nine months ended September 30,  
     2014     2013     2014     2013  

Investment income:

        

Interest income

        

Control investments

   $ —        $ 125      $ —        $ 1,647   

Affiliate investments

     2,406        2,344        7,163        6,582   

Non-control/non-affiliate investments

     7,722        6,777        21,822        19,617   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total interest income

     10,128        9,246        28,985        27,846   

Dividend income

        

Control investments

     —          —          —          124   

Affiliate investments

     31        31        92        92   

Non-control/non-affiliate investments

     576        448        1,405        972   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total dividend income

     607        479        1,497        1,188   

Fee income

        

Control investments

     —          —          —          177   

Affiliate investments

     10        —          398        206   

Non-control/non-affiliate investments

     562        516        1,567        1,004   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total fee income

     572        516        1,965        1,387   

Interest on idle funds and other income

     17        22        17        131   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investment income

     11,324        10,263        32,464        30,552   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Expenses:

        

Interest and financing expenses

     1,934        1,787        5,482        5,287   

Base management fee

     1,469        1,329        4,227        3,940   

Incentive fee

     1,320        1,134        3,015        5,643   

Administrative service expenses

     496        314        1,289        815   

Professional fees

     218        211        828        644   

Other general and administrative expenses

     228        212        981        808   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total expenses

     5,665        4,987        15,822        17,137   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net investment income before income taxes

     5,659        5,276        16,642        13,415   

Income tax provision

     32        2        62        54   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net investment income

     5,627        5,274        16,580        13,361   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net realized and unrealized gains (losses) on investments:

        

Realized gains on control investments

     —          22,107        —          22,107   

Realized gains on affiliate investments

     —          —          166        —     

Net realized (losses) gains on non-control/non-affiliate investments

     (6,692     2,532        (4,940     3,585   

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments

     6,366        (25,376     318        (16,459

Income tax (provision) on realized gains on investments

     —          —          (17     —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (loss) gain on investments

     (326     (737     (4,473     9,233   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase in net assets resulting from operations

   $ 5,301      $ 4,537      $ 12,107      $ 22,594   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Per common share data:

        

Net investment income per share-basic and diluted

   $ 0.41      $ 0.38      $ 1.20      $ 0.99   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase in net assets resulting from operations per share-basic and diluted

   $ 0.38      $ 0.33      $ 0.88      $ 1.68   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Dividends paid per share

   $ 0.48      $ 0.42      $ 1.24      $ 1.18   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares outstanding—basic and diluted

     13,832,769        13,717,527        13,784,936        13,452,768   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Net Assets (unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares)

 

     Common Stock      Additional      Undistributed     Accumulated
Net Realized
Gain on
    Accumulated
Net Unrealized
(Depreciation)
    Total  
   Number of
Shares
     Par
Value
     Paid in
Capital
     Net Investment
Income
    Investments
(net of taxes)
    Appreciation
on Investments
    Net
Assets
 

Balances at December 31, 2012

     11,953,847       $ 12       $ 177,498       $ 455      $ 1,493      $ 3,633      $ 183,091   

Public offering of common stock, net of expenses

     1,725,000         2         28,855         —          —          —          28,857   

Net increase in net assets resulting from operations

     —           —           —           13,361        16,701        (7,468     22,594   

Dividends paid

     55,489         —           1,032         (16,165     —          —          (15,133
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balances at September 30, 2013

     13,734,336       $ 14       $ 207,385       $ (2,349   $ 18,194      $ (3,835   $ 219,409   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balances at December 31, 2013

     13,755,232         14         206,123         3,221        11,212        (9,445     211,125   

Public offerings of common stock, net of expenses

     2,153,541         2         35,200         —          —          —          35,202   

Net increase in net assets resulting from operations

     —           —           —           16,580        (4,792     319        12,107   

Dividends paid

     34,366         —           645         (17,129     —          —          (16,484
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balances at September 30, 2014

     15,943,139       $ 16       $ 241,968       $ 2,672      $ 6,420      $ (9,126   $ 241,950   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).

 

5


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited)

(In thousands)

 

     Nine months ended September 30,  
     2014     2013  

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:

    

Net increase in net assets resulting from operations

   $ 12,107      $ 22,594   

Adjustments to reconcile net increase in net assets resulting from operations to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:

    

Net change in unrealized (appreciation) depreciation on investments

     (318     16,459   

Realized loss (gain) on investments

     4,774        (25,692

Interest and dividend income paid-in-kind

     (4,150     (4,152

Accretion of original issue discount

     (501     (854

Accretion of loan origination fees

     (371     (254

Purchase of investments

     (62,574     (79,559

Proceeds from sales and repayments of investments

     33,330        90,336   

Proceeds from loan origination fees

     309        576   

Amortization of deferred financing costs

     469        380   

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

    

Interest receivable

     (2,442     242   

Prepaid expenses and other assets

     (5,932     (491

Accrued interest and fees payable

     (1,657     (1,596

Due to affiliates

     (959     2,219   

Taxes payable

     (684     —     

Accounts payable and other liabilities

     195        172   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities

     (28,404     20,380   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities:

    

Proceeds from stock offerings, net of expenses

     2,762        28,857   

Proceeds received from SBA debentures

     1,000        —     

Payment of deferred financing costs

     (917     (250

Dividends paid to stockholders

     (16,484     (15,133

Taxes paid on deemed distribution

     (2,887     —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

     (16,526     13,474   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

     (44,930     33,854   

Cash and cash equivalents:

    

Beginning of period

     53,418        52,042   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

End of period

   $ 8,488      $ 85,896   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information:

    

Cash payments for interest

   $ 6,670      $ 6,503   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash payments for taxes

   $ 3,618      $ 54   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Proceeds receivable from stock offering

   $ 32,440      $ —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).

 

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Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Schedule of Investments

September 30, 2014 (unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares)

 

Portfolio Company / Type of

Investment (1) (2) (3)

   Industry    Rate (4)
Cash/PIK
   Maturity      Principal
Amount
     Cost      Fair Value      Percent of
Net Assets
 

Affiliate Investments (5)

                    

Apex Microtechnology, Inc.

   Electronic                  

Warrant (2,294 units)

   Components Supplier             $ 220       $ 244      

Common Equity (11,690 shares)

                 1,169         1,259      
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 1,389         1,503         1

Avrio Technology Group, LLC

   Electronic                  

Subordinated Note (8)

   Components Supplier    0.0%/14.0%      10/15/2015       $ 6,508         6,508         —        

Preferred Equity—Series B (3,704 units) (7)

                 3,704         —        

Preferred Equity—Series C (872 units) (7)

                 436         —        

Preferred Equity—Series D (1,917 units) (7)

                 639         —        

Common Equity (4,215 units) (7)

                 1,000         —        
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 12,287         —           0

FAR Research Inc.

   Specialty                  

Senior Secured Loan (12)

   Chemicals    11.8%/0.0%      3/31/2019         7,600         7,566         7,600      

Revolving Loan ($1,750 commitment) (11)

      11.8%/0.0%      3/31/2019         136         128         136      

Common Equity (10 units)

                 1,000         1,000      
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 8,694         8,736         4

Malabar International

   Aerospace & Defense                  

Subordinated Note (12)

   Manufacturing    12.5%/2.5%      5/21/2017         7,218         7,191         7,218      

Preferred Equity (1,494 shares) (6)

      6.0%/0.0%            1,992         3,468      
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 9,183         10,686         4

Medsurant Holdings, LLC

   Healthcare                  

Subordinated Note

   Services    9.5%/4.5%      7/12/2016         10,014         9,390         10,014      

Preferred Equity (89,770 units) (7)

                 1,228         795      

Warrant (321,005 units) (7)

                 4,045         2,726      
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 14,663         13,535         6

Paramount Building Solutions, LLC

   Retail                  

Participation (13)

   Cleaning    5.3%/0.0%      12/31/2014         1,000         1,000         1,000      

Subordinated Note (9)

      12.0%/6.0%      12/31/2014         7,454         7,454         4,567      

Common Equity (107,143 units) (7)

                 1,500         —        
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 9,954         5,567         2

Pfanstiehl, Inc.

   Healthcare                  

Subordinated Note

   Products    12.0%/2.0%      9/29/2018         6,208         6,165         6,208      

Common Equity (8,500 units) (11)

                 850         2,829      
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 7,015         9,037         4

Safety Products Group, LLC

   Safety Products                  

Subordinated Note

   Manufacturing    12.0%/1.5%      12/30/2018         10,000         9,963         10,000      

Preferred Equity (749 units) (7)

                 749         796      

Common Equity (676 units) (7)

                 1         8      
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 10,713         10,804         4

Trantech Radiator Products, Inc.

   Utility Equipment                  

Subordinated Note (11)

   Manufacturing    12.0%/1.8%      5/4/2017         9,476         9,454         9,476      

Common Equity (6,875 shares) (11)

                 688         1,166      
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 10,142         10,642         4

Westminster Cracker Company, Inc.

   Specialty Cracker                  

Preferred Equity (94,186 units)

   Manufacturing               70         125      

Common Equity (1,208,197 units)

                 1,208         1,606      
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 1,278         1,731         1

World Wide Packaging, LLC

   Consumer                  

Subordinated Note (11)

   Products    12.0%/1.8%      10/26/2018         10,052         10,015         10,052      

Common Equity (1,517,573 units) (7) (11)

                 1,518         1,411      
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 11,533         11,463         5
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total Affiliate Investments

                 96,851         83,704         35
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Schedule of Investments

September 30, 2014 (continued) (unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares)

 

Portfolio Company / Type of

Investment (1) (2) (3)

   Industry    Rate (4)
Cash/PIK
   Maturity      Principal
Amount
     Cost     Fair Value     Percent of
Net Assets
 

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate Investments (5)

                  

Acentia, LLC

   Information                

Common Units (499 units)

   Technology Services             $ 500      $ 212        0

ACFP Management, Inc.

   Restaurants                

Common Units (1,000,000 units) (11)

                 1,091        1,513        1

Anatrace Products, LLC

   Healthcare                

Senior Secured Loan

   Products    11.5%/1.5%      10/11/2018       $ 9,500         9,467        9,500     

Revolving Loan ($500 commitment) (10)

      N/A      10/11/2018         —           (2     (2  

Common Equity (360,000 shares) (11)

                 360        462     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 9,825        9,960        4

Brook & Whittle Limited

   Printing                

Subordinated Note

   Services    12.0%/4.8%      12/31/2016         7,210         7,210        7,210     

Subordinated Note

      12.0%/2.0%      12/31/2016         2,239         2,239        2,227     

Warrant (1,051 shares)

                 285        262     

Common Equity—Series A (148 shares)

                 110        37     

Common Equity—Series D (527 shares)

                 53        66     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 9,897        9,802        4

Caldwell & Gregory, LLC

   Laundry                

Subordinated Note

   Services    11.5%/1.0%      11/30/2018         1,520         1,497        1,520     

Subordinated Note

      0.0%/12.0%      5/31/2019         3,513         3,276        3,513     

Common Equity (500,000 units) (7)

                 500        543     

Warrant (242,121 units) (7)

                 242        263     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 5,515        5,839        2

Channel Technologies Group, LLC

   Component                

Subordinated Note

   Manufacturing    11.0%/1.3%      4/10/2019         7,000         6,950        7,000     

Preferred Equity (538 units) (7)

                 1,000        708     

Common Equity (537,817 units) (7)

                 —          —       
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 7,950        7,708        3

Connect-Air International, Inc.

   Specialty                

Subordinated Note

   Distribution    12.8%/0.0%      11/5/2018         11,400         11,395        11,400     

Common Equity

                 —          2,150     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 11,395        13,550        6

Continental Anesthesia Management, LLC

   Healthcare                

Senior Secured Loan

   Services    8.0%/6.0%      4/15/2015         10,130         10,118        10,232     

Warrant (263 shares)

                 276        104     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 10,394        10,336        4

EBL, LLC (EbLens)

   Retail                

Subordinated Note (11)

      12.0%/3.0%      2/2/2018         9,537         9,508        9,537     

Common Equity (750,000 units)(7) (11)

                 750        921     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 10,258        10,458        4

FCA, LLC

   Industrial                

Subordinated Note

   Products    12.5%/1.5%      6/18/2018         3,045         3,033        3,045     

Preferred Equity (4,500,000 units)(6) (11)

      11.5%/5.0%      6/18/2018            9,419        9,454     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 12,452        12,499        5

FocusVision Worldwide, Inc.

   Business                

Subordinated Note (12)

   Services    12.0%/1.0%      1/29/2019         7,575         7,549        7,575        3

FTH Acquisition Corp. VII

   Information                

Subordinated Note

   Technology Services    13.0%/0.0%      2/27/2015         8,453         8,453        8,212     

Preferred Equity (887,122 shares)

                 887        —       
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 9,340        8,212        3

IOS Acquisitions, Inc.

   Oil & Gas                

Subordinated Note

   Services    12.0%/3.5%      6/26/2018         14,145         14,051        14,145     

Common Equity (2,152 shares)

                 500        420     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 14,551        14,565        6

Jacob Ash Holdings, Inc.

   Apparel                

Subordinated Note

   Distribution    13.0%/5.0%      8/11/2016         3,500         3,493        3,500     

Subordinated Note

      13.0%/1.0%      8/11/2016         963         952        963     

Preferred Equity (500 shares)(6)

      0.0%/15.0%      8/11/2016            768        654     

Warrant (129,630 shares)

                 67        —       
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 5,280        5,117        2

 

8


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Schedule of Investments

September 30, 2014 (continued) (unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares)

 

Portfolio Company / Type of

Investment (1) (2) (3)

   Industry      Rate (4)
Cash/PIK
  Maturity      Principal
Amount
     Cost     Fair Value     Percent of
Net Assets
 

K2 Industrial Services, Inc.

     Industrial Cleaning                  

Subordinated Note

     & Coatings       11.8%/2.8%     5/23/2017         15,107         15,049        15,106     

Preferred Equity—Series A (1,200 shares)

                1,200        1,105     

Preferred Equity—Series B (74 shares)

                68        80     
             

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                16,317        16,291        7

Lightning Diversion Systems, LLC

     Aerospace & Defense                  

Senior Secured Loan

     Manufacturing       10.5%/0.0%     12/20/2018         12,198         12,151        12,198     

Revolving Loan ($1,000 commitment) (10)

      N/A     12/20/2018         —           (3     (3  

Common Equity (600,000 units)

                —          1,995     
             

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                12,148        14,190        6

MedPlast, LLC

     Healthcare                  

Subordinated Note (11)

     Products       11.0%/1.5%     3/31/2019         10,147         10,085        10,146     

Preferred Equity (188 shares) (6) (11)

      0.0%/8.0%           203        203     

Common Equity (3,728 shares) (11)

                62        65     
             

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                10,350        10,414        4

National Truck Protection Co., Inc.

     Financial                  

Senior Secured Loan

     Services       13.5%/2.0%     9/13/2018         12,662         12,593        12,662     

Common Units (1,109 shares)

                758        1,886     
             

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                13,351        14,548        6

Oaktree Medical Centre, P.C.

     Healthcare                  

(dba Pain Management Associates)

     Services                  

Senior Secured Loan (11)

      6.5%/0.0%     5/6/2019         700         694        694     

Senior Secured Loan (11)

      14.0%/0.0%     5/6/2019         5,300         5,251        5,251     

Revolving Loan ($500 commitment) (11)

      6.5%/0.0%     5/6/2019         250         245        245     
             

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                6,190        6,190        3

Pinnergy, Ltd.

     Oil & Gas                  

Subordinated Note (12)

     Services       10.5%/0.8%     1/24/2020         20,023         19,951        19,951        8

Premium Franchise Brands, LLC

     Commercial                  

Subordinated Note

     Cleaning       12.0%/1.5%     3/18/2017         7,925         7,925        7,925     

Preferred Equity (1,054,619 shares)

                832        662     
             

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                8,757        8,587        4

Restaurant Finance Co, LLC

     Restaurants                  

Senior Secured Loan ($10,500 commitment) (12)

      12.0%/4.0%     7/31/2020         3,800         3,797        3,800        2

Simplex Manufacturing Co.

     Aerospace & Defense                  

Subordinated Note

     Manufacturing       14.0%/0.0%     11/1/2015         4,550         4,533        4,550     

Warrant (24 shares)

                710        723     
             

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                5,243        5,273        2

United Biologics, LLC

     Healthcare                  

Senior Secured Loan

     Services       12.0%/2.0%     3/5/2017         8,643         8,315        8,643     

Preferred Equity (98,377 units) (7) (11)

                1,069        1,222     

Warrant (57,469 units)

                566        328     
             

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                9,950        10,193        4

US GreenFiber, LLC

     Building Products                  

Subordinated Note (12)

     Manufacturing       12.5%/0.0%     1/2/2019         10,000         9,953        9,953     

Common Equity (1,667 units) (7)

                500        500     
             

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                10,453        10,453        4

Worldwide Express Operations, LLC

     Transportation                  

Subordinated Note

     Services       11.5%/1.0%     8/1/2020         12,647         12,542        12,646     

Common Equity (2,500,000 units) (7) (11)

                2,500        2,896     
             

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                15,042        15,542        6
             

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total Non-Control/Non-Affiliate Investments

                247,546        252,778        104
             

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Investments

              $ 344,397      $ 336,482        139
             

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) All debt investments are income producing. Equity investments are non-income producing unless otherwise noted.
(2) See Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements for portfolio composition by geographic location.
(3) Equity ownership may be held in shares or units of companies related to the portfolio companies.
(4) Rate includes the cash interest or dividend rate and paid-in-kind interest or dividend rate, if any, as of September 30, 2014. Generally, payment-in-kind interest can be paid-in-kind or all in cash.
(5) See Note 2—Significant Accounting Policies, Investment Classification for definitions of Control and Affiliate classifications.
(6) Income producing. Maturity date, if any, represents mandatory redemption date.
(7) Investment is held by a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company.
(8) Investment was on non-accrual status as of September 30, 2014, meaning the Company has ceased recognizing interest income on the investment.
(9) Investment was on payment-in-kind non-accrual status as of September 30, 2014, meaning the Company has ceased recognizing payment-in-kind interest income on the investment.
(10) The entire commitment was unfunded at September 30, 2014. As such, no interest is being earned on this investment.
(11) Investment pledged as collateral for the Credit Facility and, as a result, is not directly available to the creditors of the Company to satisfy any obligations of the Company other than the Company’s obligations under the Credit Facility (see Note 6 to the consolidated financial statements).
(12) The portion of the investment not held by the Funds is pledged as collateral for the Credit Facility and, as a result, is not directly available to the creditors of the Company to satisfy any obligations of the Company other than the Company’s obligations under the Credit Facility (see Note 6 to the consolidated financial statements).
(13) Investment bears interest at a rate equal to 90-day LIBOR + 3.0%, which may reset daily. The interest rate shown is a weighted average current interest rate in effect at September 30, 2014. Such investment is classified as a senior secured loan for purposes of these consolidated financial statements.

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).

 

9


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Schedule of Investments

December 31, 2013

(In thousands, except shares)

 

Portfolio Company / Type of

Investment (1) (2) (3)

   Industry    Rate (4)
Cash/PIK
   Maturity      Principal
Amount
     Cost      Fair Value      Percent of
Net Assets
 

Affiliate Investments (5)

                    

Apex Microtechnology, Inc.

   Electronic                  

Subordinated Note

   Components Supplier    12.0%/2.0%      2/16/2018       $ 6,200       $ 5,987       $ 6,448      

Warrant (2,294 units)

                 220         255      

Common Equity (11,690 units)

                 1,169         1,299      
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 7,376         8,002         4

Avrio Technology Group, LLC

   Electronic                  

Subordinated Note

   Components Supplier    0.0%/14.0%      10/15/2015         6,291         6,291         3,200      

Preferred Equity—Series B (3,704 units) (7)

                 3,704         —        

Preferred Equity—Series C (872 units) (7)

                 436         —        

Preferred Equity—Series D (1,917 units) (7)

                 639         —        

Common Equity (4,215 units) (7)

                 1,000         —        
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 12,070         3,200         2

Malabar International

   Aerospace & Defense                  

Subordinated Note

   Manufacturing    12.5%/2.5%      5/21/2017         5,116         5,093         5,116      

Preferred Equity (1,494 shares) (6)

      6.0%/0.0%            1,990         3,616      
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 7,083         8,732         4

Medsurant Holdings, LLC

   Healthcare                  

Subordinated Note

   Services    14.0%/0.0%      7/12/2016         9,750         8,845         9,541      

Preferred Equity (79,091 units) (7)

                 1,112         1,105      

Warrant (288,239 units) (7)

                 3,690         3,944      
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 13,647         14,590         7

Paramount Building Solutions, LLC

   Retail                  

Subordinated Note

   Cleaning    5.0%/13.0%      12/31/2014         7,253         7,253         7,091      

Common Equity (107,143 units) (7)

                 1,500         —        
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 8,753         7,091         3

Pfanstiehl, Inc.

   Healthcare                  

Subordinated Note

   Products    12.0%/4.0%      9/29/2018         6,082         6,031         6,082      

Common Equity (8,500 shares)

                 850         970      
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 6,881         7,052         3

Safety Products Group, LLC

   Safety Products                  

Subordinated Note

   Manufacturer    12.0%/1.5%      12/30/2018         10,000         9,957         9,957      

Preferred Equity (749 shares) (7)

                 749         749      

Common Equity (676 shares) (7)

                 1         1      
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 10,707         10,707         5

Trantech Radiator Products, Inc.

   Utility Equipment                  

Subordinated Note

   Manufacturer    12.0%/1.8%      5/4/2017         9,351         9,323         9,351      

Common Equity (6,875 shares)

                 688         1,317      
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 10,011         10,668         5

Westminster Cracker Company, Inc.

   Specialty Cracker                  

Preferred Equity (83,851 units)

   Manufacturer               70         75      

Common Equity (1,208,197 units)

                 1,208         1,108      
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 1,278         1,183         1

World Wide Packaging, LLC

   Consumer                  

Subordinated Note

   Products    12.0%/1.8%      10/26/2018         9,919         9,877         9,919      

Common Equity (1,300,000 units) (7)

                 1,300         1,300      
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Sub Total

                 11,177         11,219         5
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total Affiliate Investments

                 88,983         82,444         39
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

10


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Schedule of Investments

December 31, 2013 (continued)

(In thousands, except shares)

 

Portfolio Company / Type of

Investment (1) (2) (3)

   Industry    Rate (4)
Cash/PIK
   Maturity      Principal
Amount
     Cost     Fair Value     Percent of
Net Assets
 

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate Investments (5)

                  

Anatrace Products, LLC

   Healthcare                

Senior Secured Loan

   Products    11.5%/1.5%      10/11/2018       $ 9,533       $ 9,493      $ 9,493     

Revolving Loan ($500 commitment) (9)

      N/A      10/11/2018         —           (2     (2  

Common Equity (360,000 shares)

                 360        360     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 9,851        9,851        5

Acentia, LLC (f/k/a ITSolutions)

   IT Services                

Common Units (499 units)

                 500        267        0

ACFP Management, Inc.

   Restaurants                

Common Units (1,000,000 units)

                 1,091        1,140        1

Brook & Whittle Limited

   Specialty                

Subordinated Note

   Printing    12.0%/4.8%      12/31/2016         6,954         6,954        6,954     

Subordinated Note

      12.0%/2.0%      12/31/2016         2,206         2,199        2,206     

Warrant (1,051 shares)

                 285        367     

Common Equity—Series A (148 shares)

                 110        52     

Common Equity—Series D (527 shares)

                 53        53     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 9,601        9,632        5

Brook Furniture Rental, Inc.

   Furniture                

Subordinated Note

   Rental    12.0%/1.5%      9/30/2016         7,865         7,573        7,944     

Warrants (2.5%)

                 485        751     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 8,058        8,695        4

Caldwell & Gregory, LLC

   Laundry                

Subordinated Note

   Services    11.5%/1.0%      11/30/2018         1,509         1,482        1,509     

Subordinated Note

      0.0%/12.0%      5/31/2019         3,215         2,941        3,215     

Common Equity (500,000 units) (7)

                 500        511     

Warrant (242,121 units) (7)

                 242        247     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 5,165        5,482        3

Channel Technologies Group, LLC

   Component                

Subordinated Note

   Manufacturer    11.0%/1.3%      4/10/2019         7,000         6,941        6,941     

Preferred Equity (538 units) (7)

                 1,000        1,000     

Common Equity (537,817 units) (7)

                 —          —       
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 7,941        7,941        4

Connect-Air International, Inc.

   Specialty                

Subordinated Note

   Distribution    12.8%/0.0%      11/5/2018         11,400         11,394        11,394     

Common Equity

                 —          1,800     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 11,394        13,194        6

Continental Anesthesia Management, LLC

   Healthcare                

Senior Secured Loan

   Services    14.0%/0.0%      9/15/2014         9,825         9,777        9,717     

Warrant (263 shares)

                 276        —       
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 10,053        9,717        5

Convergent Resources, Inc.

   Debt Collection                

Subordinated Note

   Services    13.0%/3.0%      12/27/2017         5,758         5,719        5,759        3

EBL, LLC (EbLens)

   Retail                

Subordinated Note

      12.0%/3.0%      2/2/2018         9,323         9,288        9,323     

Common Equity (750,000 units)(7)

                 750        778     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 10,038        10,101        5

 

11


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Schedule of Investments

December 31, 2013 (continued)

(In thousands, except shares)

 

Portfolio Company / Type of

Investment (1) (2) (3)

   Industry    Rate (4)
Cash/PIK
   Maturity      Principal
Amount
     Cost     Fair Value     Percent of
Net Assets
 

FCA, LLC

   Industrial                

Subordinated Note

   Products    12.5%/1.5%      6/18/2018       $ 1,512       $ 1,506      $ 1,512     

Preferred Equity (4,500,000 units)(6)

      11.5%/5.0%      6/18/2018            4,604        4,623     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 6,110        6,135        3

FocusVision Worldwide, Inc.

   Business                

Subordinated Note

   Services    12.0%/1.0%      1/29/2019         7,519         7,487        7,519        4

FTH Acquisition Corp. VII

   IT Services                

Subordinated Note

      13.0%/0.0%      2/27/2015         8,511         8,511        7,741     

Preferred Equity (887,122 shares)

                 887        —       
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 9,398        7,741        4

IOS Acquisition, Inc.

   Oil & Gas                

Subordinated Note

   Services    12.0%/3.5%      6/26/2018         13,766         13,654        13,766     

Common Equity (2,152 shares)

                 500        379     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 14,154        14,145        7

Jacob Ash Holdings, Inc.

   Apparel                

Subordinated Note

   Distribution    13.0%/5.0%      8/11/2016         3,500         3,491        3,500     

Subordinated Note

      13.0%/1.0%      8/11/2016         1,147         1,132        1,147     

Preferred Equity (500 shares)(6)

      0.0%/15.0%      8/11/2016            685        314     

Warrant (129,630 shares)

                 67        —       
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 5,375        4,961        2

K2 Industrial Services, Inc.

   Industrial Cleaning                

Subordinated Note

   & Coatings    11.8%/2.8%      5/23/2017         14,797         14,722        14,798     

Preferred Equity—Series A (1,200 shares)

                 1,200        930     

Preferred Equity—Series B (69 shares)

                 68        74     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 15,990        15,802        7

Lightning Diversion Systems, LLC

   Aerospace & Defense                

Senior Secured Loan

   Manufacturing    10.5%/0.0%      12/20/2018         12,198         12,143        12,197     

Revolving Loan ($1,000 commitment) (9)

      N/A      12/20/2018         —           (3     (3  

Common Equity (600,000 units)

                 —          1,049     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 12,140        13,243        6

MedPlast, LLC

   Healthcare                

Subordinated Note

   Products    11.0%/1.5%      3/31/2019         10,033         9,961        9,961     

Preferred Equity (188 shares) (6)

      0.0%/8.0%            191        191     

Common Equity (3,728 shares)

                 62        62     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 10,214        10,214        5

National Truck Protection Co., Inc.

   Financial                

Senior Secured Loan

   Services    13.5%/2.0%      9/13/2018         13,500         13,418        13,500     

Common Units (1,109 units)

                 737        1,118     
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 14,155        14,618        7

Nobles Manufacturing, Inc.

   Aerospace & Defense                

Subordinated Note

   Manufacturing    12.0%/2.5%      10/6/2018         4,550         4,550        4,550     

Preferred Equity (1,300,000 shares)

                 867        2,285     

Common Equity (1,300,000 shares)

                 —          —       
              

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

                 5,417        6,835        3

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Schedule of Investments

December 31, 2013 (continued)

(In thousands, except shares)

 

Portfolio Company / Type of

Investment (1) (2) (3)

  Industry   Rate (4)
Cash/PIK
  Maturity     Principal
Amount
    Cost     Fair Value     Percent of
Net Assets
 

Premium Franchise Brands, LLC

  Commercial            

(f/k/a Jan-Pro Holdings, LLC)

  Cleaning            

Subordinated Note

    12.0%/2.0%     3/18/2017      $ 7,833      $ 7,833      $ 7,833     

Preferred Equity (1,054,619 shares)

            832        465     
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

            8,665        8,298        4

Restaurant Finance Co, LLC

  Restaurants            

Senior Secured Loan ($6,000 commitment)

    11.0%/2.0%     11/25/2019        1,664        1,652        1,652     

Royalty Rights

            —          —       
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

            1,652        1,652        1

S.B. Restaurant Co. (dba Elephant Bar)

  Restaurants            

Subordinated Note (8)

    13.0%/1.0%     1/10/2018        7,594        7,256        2,974     

Subordinated Note ($500 commitment)

    0.0%/0.0%     1/10/2018        250        165        165     

Warrant (652 shares)

            416        —       
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

            7,837        3,139        1

Simplex Manufacturing Co.

  Aerospace & Defense            

Subordinated Note

  Manufacturing   14.0%/0.0%     11/1/2015        4,550        4,522        4,550     

Warrant (24 shares)

            710        758     
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

            5,232        5,308        3

United Biologics, LLC

  Healthcare            

Senior Secured Loan

  Services   12.0%/2.0%     3/5/2017        6,833        6,425        6,833     

Preferred Equity (98,377 units) (7)

            1,069        1,069     

Warrant (57,469 units)

            566        312     
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

            8,060        8,214        4

Worldwide Express Operations, LLC

  Transportation            

Subordinated Note

  Services   11.5%/1.0%     8/1/2020        12,552        12,434        12,434     

Common Equity (2,500,000 units) (7)

            2,500        2,500     
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sub Total

            14,934        14,934        7
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total Non-Control/Non-Affiliate Investments

            226,231        224,537        106
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Investments

          $ 315,214      $ 306,981        145
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) All debt investments are income producing. Equity investments are non-income producing unless otherwise noted.
(2) See Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements for portfolio composition by geographic location.
(3) Equity ownership may be held in shares or units of companies related to the portfolio companies.
(4) Rate includes the cash interest or dividend rate and paid-in-kind interest or dividend rate, if any, as of December 31, 2013. Generally, payment-in-kind interest can be paid-in-kind or all in cash.
(5) See Note 2—Significant Accounting Policies, Investment Classification for definitions of Control and Affiliate classifications.
(6) Income producing. Maturity date, if any, represents mandatory redemption date.
(7) Investment is held by a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company.
(8) Investment was on non-accrual status as of December 31, 2013, meaning the Company has ceased recognizing interest income on the investment.
(9) The entire commitment was unfunded at December 31, 2013. As such, no interest is being earned on this investment.

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Finance Statements (unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares and per share data)

Note 1. Organization and Nature of Business

Fidus Investment Corporation, a Maryland corporation (“FIC,” and together with its subsidiaries, the “Company”), was formed on February 14, 2011 for the purposes of (i) acquiring 100% of the limited partnership interests of Fidus Mezzanine Capital, L.P. and its consolidated subsidiaries (collectively, “Fund I”) and 100% of the membership interests of Fund I’s general partner, Fidus Mezzanine Capital GP, LLC (“FMCGP”), (ii) raising capital in an initial public offering that was completed in June 2011 (the “IPO”) and (iii) thereafter operating as an externally managed, closed-end, non-diversified management investment company that has elected to be regulated as a business development company (“BDC”) under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”). Fund I has also elected to be regulated as a BDC under the 1940 Act. In addition, for federal income tax purposes, the Company elected to be treated as a regulated investment company (“RIC”) under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), commencing with its taxable year ended December 31, 2011.

On June 20, 2011, FIC acquired 100% of the limited partnership interests in Fund I and 100% of the equity interests in FMCGP, in exchange for 4,056,521 shares of common stock in FIC (the “Formation Transactions”). Fund I became FIC’s wholly-owned subsidiary, retained its license to operate as a Small Business Investment Company (“SBIC”), and continues to hold investments and make new investments. The IPO consisted of the sale of 5,370,500 shares of the Company’s common stock, including shares purchased by the underwriters pursuant to their exercise of the over-allotment option, at a price of $15.00 per share resulting in net proceeds of $73,626, after deducting underwriting fees and commissions and offering costs totaling $6,932.

The Company provides customized debt and equity financing solutions to lower middle-market companies. Fund I commenced operations on May 1, 2007, and on October 22, 2007, was granted a license to operate as a SBIC under the authority of the U.S. Small Business Administration (“SBA”). On March 29, 2013, the Company commenced operations of a new wholly-owned subsidiary, Fidus Mezzanine Capital II, L.P. (“Fund II”) and on May 28, 2013, was granted a second license to operate Fund II as an SBIC. Collectively, Fund I and Fund II are referred to as the “Funds”. The SBIC licenses allow the Funds to obtain leverage by issuing SBA-guaranteed debentures (“SBA debentures”), subject to the issuance of leverage commitments by the SBA and other customary procedures. As SBICs, the Funds are subject to a variety of regulations and oversight by the SBA under the Small Business Investment Act of 1958, as amended (the “SBIC Act”), concerning, among other things, the size and nature of the companies in which they may invest and the structure of those investments.

For all periods subsequent to the consummation of the Formation Transactions and the IPO, the Company pays a quarterly base management fee and an incentive fee to Fidus Investment Advisors, LLC (the “Investment Advisor”) under an investment advisory agreement (the “Investment Advisory Agreement”). The initial investment professionals of the Investment Advisor were previously employed by Fidus Capital, LLC, who was the investment adviser to Fund I prior to consummation of the Formation Transactions.

On September 11, 2012, the Company issued 2,472,500 shares in a follow-on public offering, including shares purchased by the underwriters pursuant to their exercise of the over-allotment option, at an offering price of $16.10 per share resulting in net proceeds of $37,952 after deducting underwriting fees and commissions and offering costs totaling $1,855.

On February 8, 2013, the Company issued 1,725,000 shares in a follow-on public offering, including shares purchased by the underwriters pursuant to their exercise of the over-allotment option, at an offering price of $17.60 per share resulting in net proceeds to the Company of $28,857, after deducting underwriting fees and commissions and offering costs totaling $1,504.

On August 21, 2014, the Company entered into an equity distribution agreement with Raymond James & Associates, Inc. and Robert W. Baird & Co. Incorporated through which the Company could sell, by means of at-the-market offerings from time to time, shares of the Company’s common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $50,000 (the “ATM Program”). During the period from August 21, 2014 through September 30, 2014, 153,541 shares of the Company’s common stock were sold at an average offering price of $18.56 per share resulting in net proceeds of $2,794, after commissions to the sales agent on shares sold and offering costs of $56.

On September 30, 2014, the Company issued 2,000,000 shares in a follow-on public offering at an offering price of $17.00 per share resulting in net proceeds to the Company of $32,440, after deducting underwriting fees and commissions and offering costs totaling $1,560. The Company received such net proceeds on October 3, 2014.

As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company had 15,943,139 and 13,755,232 shares of common stock outstanding, respectively.

Note 2. Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of presentation: The accompanying consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) pursuant to the requirements

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

for reporting on Form 10-Q, Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 946, Financial Services — Investment Companies (“ASC 946), and Articles 6 or 10 of Regulation S-X. In the opinion of management, the consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments and reclassifications that are necessary for the fair presentation of financial results as of and for the periods presented. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. The current period’s results of operation are not necessarily indicative of results that ultimately may be achieved for the year. Therefore, the unaudited financial statements and notes should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2013.

Use of estimates: The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Consolidation: Pursuant to Article 6 of Regulation S-X and ASC 946, the Company will generally not consolidate its investments in a company other than an investment company subsidiary or a controlled operating company whose business consists of providing services to the Company. As a result, the consolidated financial statements of the Company include only the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, including the Funds. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.

Fair value of financial instruments: The Company measures and discloses fair value with respect to substantially all of its financial instruments in accordance with ASC Topic 820 — Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (“ASC Topic 820”). ASC Topic 820 defines fair value, establishes a framework used to measure fair value, and requires disclosures for fair value measurements, including the categorization of financial instruments into a three-level hierarchy based on the transparency of valuation inputs. See Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements for further discussion regarding the fair value measurements and hierarchy.

Investment classification: The Company classifies its investments in accordance with the requirements of the 1940 Act. Under the 1940 Act, “Control Investments” are defined as investments in those companies where the Company owns more than 25% of the voting securities of such company or has rights to maintain greater than 50% of the board representation. Under the 1940 Act, “Affiliate Investments” are defined as investments in those companies where the Company owns between 5% and 25% of the voting securities of such company. “Non-Control/Non-Affiliate Investments” are those that neither qualify as Control Investments nor Affiliate Investments.

Segments: In accordance with ASC Topic 280 — Segment Reporting, the Company has determined that it has a single reporting segment and operating unit structure.

Cash and cash equivalents: Cash and cash equivalents are highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less at the date of acquisition. The Company places its cash in financial institutions and, at times, such balances may be in excess of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation insurance limits. The Company does not believe its cash balances are exposed to any significant credit risk.

Deferred financing costs: Deferred financing costs consist of fees and expenses paid in connection with the Credit Facility (as defined in Note 6) and SBA debentures. Deferred financing costs are capitalized and amortized using the straight line method, which approximates the effective interest method, over the terms of the respective financing instruments.

Deferred equity financing costs: Deferred equity financing costs include registration expenses related to shelf filings, including expenses related to the ATM Program. These expenses primarily consist of Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) registration fees, legal fees and accounting fees incurred. These expenses are included in prepaid assets and are charged to additional paid in capital upon the receipt of proceeds from an equity offering or charged to expense if no offering is completed.

Realized gains or losses and unrealized appreciation or depreciation on investments: Realized gains or losses on investments are recorded upon the sale or disposition of a portfolio investment and are calculated as the difference between the net proceeds from the sale or disposition and the cost basis of the investment, without regard to unrealized appreciation or depreciation previously recognized. Net change in unrealized appreciation or depreciation on the consolidated statements of operations includes changes in the fair value of investments from the prior period, as determined in good faith by the Company’s board of directors (the “Board”) through the application of the Company’s valuation policy, as well as reclassifications of any prior period unrealized appreciation or depreciation on exited investments to realized gains or losses on investments.

Interest, fee and dividend income: Interest and dividend income is recorded on the accrual basis to the extent that the Company expects to collect such amounts. Interest and dividend income is accrued daily based on the outstanding principal amount and the contractual terms of the debt or preferred equity investment. Dividend income is recorded on the declaration date or at the point an obligation exists for the portfolio company to make a distribution. Distributions from portfolio companies are evaluated to determine if the distribution is a distribution of earnings or a return of capital.

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

Certain of the Company’s investments contain a payment-in-kind (“PIK”) income provision. The PIK income, computed at the contractual rate specified in the applicable investment agreement, is added to the principal balance of the investment, rather than being paid in cash, and recorded as interest or dividend income, as applicable, on the consolidated statements of operations. PIK income is included in the Company’s taxable income and, therefore, affects the amount the Company is required to pay to shareholders in the form of dividends in order to maintain the Company’s status as a RIC and to avoid corporate federal income tax, even though the Company has not yet collected the cash.

Loans or preferred equity investments are placed on non-accrual status and the Company will generally cease recognizing interest or dividend income when principal, interest or dividend payments become materially past due, or when there is reasonable doubt that principal, interest or dividends will be collected. Interest and dividend payments received on non-accrual investments may be recognized as interest or dividend income or may be applied to the investment principal balance based on management’s judgment. Non-accrual investments are restored to accrual status when past due principal, interest or dividends are paid and, in management’s judgment, payments are likely to remain current.

In connection with the Company’s debt investments, the Company will sometimes receive warrants or other equity-related securities from the borrower (“Warrants”). The Company determines the cost basis of Warrants based upon their respective fair values on the date of receipt in proportion to the total fair value of the debt and Warrants received. Any resulting difference between the face amount of the debt and its recorded fair value resulting from the assignment of value to the Warrants is treated as original issue discount (“OID”), and accreted into interest income using the effective interest method over the term of the debt investment.

Transaction fees earned in connection with the Company’s investments are recognized as fee income. Such fees typically include fees for services, including structuring and advisory services, provided to portfolio companies. The Company recognizes income from fees for providing such structuring and advisory services when the services are rendered or the transactions are completed. Upon the prepayment of a loan or debt security, any prepayment penalties are recorded as fee income when earned.

The Company also typically receives upfront loan origination or closing fees in connection with investments. Such upfront loan origination and closing fees are capitalized as unearned income and offset against investment cost basis on the consolidated statements of assets and liabilities and accreted into income over the life of the investment. Upfront loan origination and closing fees received for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 totaled $140 and $159, respectively. Upfront loan origination and closing fees received for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 totaled $309 and $576, respectively.

Partial loan sales: The Company follows the guidance in ASC 860, Transfers and Servicing, when accounting for loan participations and other partial loan sales. Such guidance requires a participation or other partial loan sale to meet the definition of a “participating interest”, as defined in the guidance, in order for sale treatment to be allowed. Participations or other partial loan sales which do not meet the definition of a participating interest should remain on the Company’s consolidated statement of assets and liabilities and the proceeds recorded as a secured borrowing until the definition is met. Management has determined that all participations and other partial loan sale transactions entered into by the Company have met the definition of a participating interest. Accordingly, the Company uses sale treatment in accounting for such transactions.

Income taxes: The Company has elected to be treated as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code, which will generally relieve the Company from U.S. federal income taxes with respect to all income distributed to stockholders. In order to qualify as a RIC, the Company is required to timely distribute to its stockholders at least 90.0% of “investment company taxable income,” as defined by Subchapter M of the Code, each year. Depending on the level of taxable income earned in a tax year, the Company may choose to carry forward taxable income in excess of current year distributions into the next tax year; however, the Company will pay a 4.0% excise tax if it does not distribute at least 98.0% of the current year’s ordinary taxable income. Any such carryover taxable income must be distributed through a dividend declared prior to the later of the filing the final tax return related to the year in which the Company generated such taxable income or the 15th day of the 9th month following the close of such taxable year. In addition, the Company will be subject to federal excise tax if it does not distribute at least 98.2% of the net capital gains realized, computed for any one year period ending October 31.

In the future, the Funds may be limited by provisions of the SBIC Act and SBA regulations governing SBICs from making certain distributions to FIC that may be necessary to enable FIC to make the minimum distributions required to qualify as a RIC.

The Company has certain indirect wholly-owned taxable subsidiaries (the “Taxable Subsidiaries”), each of which generally holds one or more of the Company’s portfolio investments listed on the consolidated schedules of investments. The Taxable Subsidiaries are consolidated for financial reporting purposes, such that the Company’s consolidated financial statements reflect the Company’s investment in the portfolio companies owned by the Taxable Subsidiaries. The purpose of the Taxable Subsidiaries

 

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Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

is to permit the Company to hold equity investments in portfolio companies that are taxed as partnerships for U.S. federal income tax purposes (such as entities organized as limited liability companies (“LLCs”) or other forms of pass through entities) while complying with the “source-of-income” requirements contained in the RIC tax provisions. The Taxable Subsidiaries are not consolidated with the Company for U.S. federal corporate income tax purposes, and each Taxable Subsidiary will be subject to U.S. federal corporate income tax on its taxable income. Any such income or expense is reflected in the consolidated statements of operations.

U.S. federal income tax regulations differ from GAAP, and as a result, distributions in accordance with tax regulations may differ from net investment income and realized gains recognized under GAAP. Differences may be permanent or temporary. Permanent differences may arise as a result of, among other items, a difference in the book and tax basis of certain assets and nondeductible federal income taxes. Temporary differences arise when certain items of income, expense, gain or loss are recognized at some time in the future.

ASC Topic 740 — Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes (“ASC Topic 740”) provides guidance for how uncertain tax positions should be recognized, measured, presented and disclosed in the consolidated financial statements. ASC Topic 740 requires the evaluation of tax positions taken in the course of preparing the Company’s tax returns to determine whether the tax positions are “more-likely-than-not” to be respected by the applicable tax authorities. Tax benefits of positions not deemed to meet the more-likely-than-not threshold would be recorded as a tax expense in the current year. It is the Company’s policy to recognize accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax benefits in income tax provision, if any. There were no material uncertain income tax positions at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013. The 2010 through 2013 tax years remain subject to examination by U.S. federal and most state tax authorities.

Distributions to stockholders: Distributions to stockholders are recorded on the record date with respect to such distributions. The amount, if any, to be distributed to stockholders, is determined by the Board each quarter and is generally based upon the earnings estimated by management. Net realized capital gains, if any, may be distributed at least annually, although the Company may decide to retain such capital gains for investment.

The determination of the tax attributes for the Company’s distributions is made annually, and is based upon the Company’s taxable income and distributions paid to its stockholders for the full year. Ordinary dividend distributions from a RIC do not qualify for the preferential tax rate on qualified dividend income from domestic corporations and qualified foreign corporations, except to the extent that the RIC received the income in the form of qualifying dividends from domestic corporations and qualified foreign corporations. The tax characterization of the Company’s distributions generally includes both ordinary income and capital gains but may also include qualified dividends or return of capital.

The Company has adopted a dividend reinvestment plan (“DRIP”) that provides for the reinvestment of dividends on behalf of its stockholders, unless a stockholder has elected to receive dividends in cash. As a result, if the Company declares a cash dividend, the Company’s stockholders who have not “opted out” of the DRIP at least three days prior to the dividend payment date will have their cash dividend automatically reinvested into additional shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company has the option to satisfy the share requirements of the DRIP through the issuance of new shares of common stock or through open market purchases of common stock by the DRIP plan administrator. Newly issued shares are valued based upon the final closing price of the Company’s common stock on a date determined by the Board. Shares purchased in the open market to satisfy the DRIP requirements will be valued based upon the average price of the applicable shares purchased by the DRIP plan administrator, before any associated brokerage or other costs. See Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements regarding dividend declarations and distributions.

Earnings and net asset value per share: The earnings per share calculations for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, as well as the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, are computed utilizing the weighted average shares outstanding for the period. Net asset value per share is calculated using the number of shares outstanding as of the end of the period.

Recent accounting pronouncements: In June 2013, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2013-08, Financial Services – Investment Companies (Topic 946) Amendments to the Scope, Measurement and Disclosure Requirements (“ASU 2013-08”), containing new guidance on assessing whether an entity is an investment company, requiring non-controlling ownership interest in investment companies to be measured at fair value and requiring certain additional disclosures. This guidance is effective for annual and interim periods beginning on or after December 15, 2013. The adoption of ASU 2013-08 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position or disclosures.

Note 3. Portfolio Company Investments

The Company’s portfolio investments principally consist of secured and unsecured debt, equity warrants and direct equity investments in privately held companies. The debt investments may or may not be secured by either a first or second lien on the

 

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Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

assets of the portfolio company. The debt investments generally bear interest at fixed rates, and generally mature between five and seven years from the original investment. In connection with a debt investment, the Company also may receive nominally priced equity warrants and/or makes a direct equity investment in the portfolio company. The Company’s warrants or equity investments may be investments in a holding company related to the portfolio company. In addition, the Company periodically makes equity investments in its portfolio companies through Taxable Subsidiaries. In both situations, the investment is reported under the name of the operating company on the consolidated schedules of investments.

As of September 30, 2014, the Company had investments in 37 portfolio companies with an aggregate fair value of $336,482 and a weighted average effective yield on its debt investments of 13.8%. At September 30, 2014, the Company held equity investments in 89.2% of its portfolio companies and the average fully diluted equity ownership in those portfolio companies was 7.8%. As of December 31, 2013, the Company had investments in 37 portfolio companies with an aggregate fair value of $306,981 and a weighted average effective yield on its debt investments of 14.5%. At December 31, 2013, the Company held equity investments in 91.9% of its portfolio companies and the average fully diluted equity ownership in those portfolio companies was 7.3%. The weighted average yields were computed using the effective interest rates for debt investments at cost as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, including accretion of original issue discount and loan origination fees, but excluding investments on non-accrual status, if any.

Purchases of debt and equity investments for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 totaled $62,574 and $79,559, respectively. Proceeds from sales and repayments, including principal, return of capital distributions and realized gains, of portfolio investments for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 totaled $33,330 and $90,336, respectively.

Investments by type with corresponding percentage of total portfolio investments consisted of the following:

 

     Fair Value     Cost  
     September 30, 2014     December 31, 2013     September 30, 2014     December 31, 2013  

Subordinated notes

   $ 217,659         64.7   $ 214,400         69.8   $ 225,784         65.5   $ 220,372         69.9

Senior secured loans

     71,956         21.4        53,387         17.4        71,320         20.7        52,903         16.8   

Equity

     42,217         12.5        32,560         10.6        40,882         11.9        34,982         11.1   

Warrants

     4,650         1.4        6,634         2.2        6,411         1.9        6,957         2.2   

Royalty rights

     —           —          —           —          —           —          —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 336,482         100.0   $ 306,981         100.0   $ 344,397         100.0   $ 315,214         100.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

All investments made by the Company as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 were made in portfolio companies located in the U.S. The following table shows portfolio composition by geographic region at fair value and cost and as a percentage of total investments. The geographic composition is determined by the location of the corporate headquarters of the portfolio company, which may not be indicative of the primary source of the portfolio company’s business.

 

     Fair Value     Cost  
     September 30, 2014     December 31, 2013     September 30, 2014     December 31, 2013  

Southeast

   $ 98,487         29.2 %   $ 54,885         17.9   $ 98,481         28.6   $ 55,855         17.7

West

     75,356         22.4        76,361         24.9        70,932         20.6        75,488         24.0  

Northeast

     60,906         18.1       59,500         19.4       59,646         17.3       59,611         18.9   

Midwest

     58,123         17.3        67,287         21.9       68,290         19.8        74,430         23.6   

Southwest

     43,609         13.0       48,948         15.9       47,048         13.7       49,830         15.8  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 336,482         100.0   $ 306,981         100.0   $ 344,397         100.0   $ 315,214         100.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company had no portfolio company investments that represented more than 10% of the total investment portfolio. As of September 30, 2014, the Company had a debt investment in one portfolio company on non-accrual status, which had an aggregate cost and fair value of $6,508 and $0, respectively. In addition, the Company had a debt investment in one portfolio company that was on non-accrual status only with respect to the PIK interest component of the investment, which had a cost and fair value of $7,454 and $4,567, respectively. As of December 31, 2013, the Company had debt investments in one portfolio company on non-accrual status, which had a cost and fair value of $7,256 and $2,974, respectively.

Note 4. Fair Value Measurements

Investments

The Board has established and documented processes and methodologies for determining the fair values of portfolio company investments on a recurring basis in accordance with ASC Topic 820 and consistent with the requirements of the 1940 ACT. Fair value is the price, determined at the measurement date, that would be received in the sale of an asset or paid to transfer a

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. Where available, fair value is based on observable market prices or parameters, or derived from such prices or parameters. Where observable prices or inputs are not available or reliable, valuation techniques described below are applied. Under ASC Topic 820, portfolio investments recorded at fair value in the consolidated financial statements are classified within the fair value hierarchy based upon the level of judgment associated with the inputs used to measure their value, as defined below:

Level 1 — Inputs are unadjusted, quoted prices in active markets for identical assets as of the measurement date.

Level 2 — Inputs include quoted prices for similar assets in active markets, or that are quoted prices for identical or similar assets in markets that are not active and inputs that are observable, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term, if applicable, of the investment.

Level 3 — Inputs include those that are both unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement.

An investment’s categorization within the valuation hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company’s investment portfolio is comprised entirely of debt and equity securities of privately held companies for which quoted prices falling within the categories of Level 1 and Level 2 inputs are not available. Therefore, the Company values all of its portfolio investments at fair value, as determined in good faith by the Board, using Level 3 inputs. The degree of judgment exercised by the Board in determining fair value is greatest for investments classified as Level 3 inputs. Due to the inherent uncertainty of determining the fair values of investments that do not have readily available market values, the Board’s estimate of fair values may differ significantly from the values that would have been used had a ready market for the securities existed, and those differences may be material. In addition, changes in the market environment, portfolio company performance and other events that may occur over the lives of the investments may cause the amounts ultimately realized on these investments to be materially different than the valuations currently assigned.

With respect to investments for which market quotations are not readily available, the Board undertakes a multi-step valuation process each quarter, as described below:

 

    the quarterly valuation process begins with each portfolio company or investment being initially evaluated and rated by the investment professionals of the Investment Advisor responsible for the portfolio investment;

 

    preliminary valuation conclusions are then documented and discussed with the investment committee of the Investment Advisor;

 

    the Board also engages one or more independent valuation firm(s) to conduct independent appraisals of a selection of our investments for which market quotations are not readily available. The Company will consult with independent valuation firm(s) relative to each portfolio company at least once in every calendar year, and for new portfolio companies, at least once in the twelve-month period subsequent to the initial investment. The Board consulted with the independent valuation firm in arriving at the Company’s determination of fair value on 11 and 13 of its portfolio company investments representing 34.9% and 40.9% of the total portfolio investments at fair value as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively.

 

    the audit committee of the Board reviews the preliminary valuations of the Investment Advisor and of the independent valuation firm(s) and responds and supplements the valuation recommendations to reflect any comments; and

 

    the Board discusses these valuations and determines the fair value of each investment in our portfolio in good faith, based on the input of the Investment Advisor, the independent valuation firm(s) and the audit committee.

In making the good faith determination of the value of portfolio investments, the Board starts with the cost basis of the security. The transaction price is typically the best estimate of fair value at inception. When evidence supports a subsequent change to the carrying value from the original transaction price, adjustments are made to reflect the expected exit values.

Consistent with the policies and methodologies adopted by the Board, the Company performs detailed valuations of its debt and equity investments, using both the market and income approaches as appropriate. Under the market approach, the Company typically uses the enterprise value methodology to determine the fair value of an investment. There is no one methodology to estimate enterprise value and, in fact, for any one portfolio company, enterprise value is generally best expressed as a range of values, from which the Company derives a single estimate of enterprise value. Under the income approach, the Company typically prepares and analyzes discounted cash flow models to estimate the present value of future cash flows of either an individual debt investment or of the underlying portfolio company itself.

The Company evaluates investments in portfolio companies using the most recent portfolio company financial statements and forecasts. The Company also consults with the portfolio company’s senior management to obtain further updates on the portfolio company’s performance, including information such as industry trends, new product development and other operational issues.

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

For the Company’s debt investments, including senior secured loans and subordinated notes, the primary valuation technique used to estimate the fair value is the discounted cash flow method. However, if there is deterioration in credit quality or a debt investment is in workout status, the Company may consider other methods in determining the fair value, including the value attributable to the debt investment from the enterprise value of the portfolio company or the proceeds that would be received in a liquidation analysis. The Company’s discounted cash flow models estimate a range of fair values by applying an appropriate discount rate to the future cash flow streams of its debt investments, based on future interest and principal payments as set forth in the associated loan agreements. The Company prepares a weighted average cost of capital for use in the discounted cash flow model for each investment, based on factors including, but not limited to: current pricing and credit metrics for similar proposed or executed investment transactions of private companies; the portfolio company’s historical financial results and outlook; and the portfolio company’s current leverage and credit quality as compared to leverage and credit quality as of the date the investment was made. The Company may also consider the following factors when determining the fair value of debt investments: the portfolio company’s ability to make future scheduled payments; prepayment penalties; estimated remaining life; the nature and realizable value of any collateral securing such debt investment; and changes in the interest rate environment and the credit markets that generally may affect the price at which similar investments may be made. The Company estimates the remaining life of its debt investments to generally be the legal maturity date of the instrument, as the Company generally intends to hold its loans to maturity. However, if the Company has information available to it that the loan is expected to be repaid in the near term, it would use an estimated remaining life based on the expected repayment date.

For the Company’s equity investments, including equity and warrants, the Company generally uses a market approach, including valuation methodologies consistent with industry practice, to estimate the enterprise value of portfolio companies. Typically, the enterprise value of a private company is based on multiples of EBITDA, cash flows, net income, revenues, or in limited cases, book value. In estimating the enterprise value of a portfolio company, the Company analyzes various factors consistent with industry practice, including but not limited to original transaction multiples, the portfolio company’s historical and projected financial results, applicable market trading and transaction comparables, applicable market yields and leverage levels, the nature and realizable value of any collateral, the markets in which the portfolio company does business, and comparisons of financial ratios of peer companies that are public. Where applicable, the Company considers the Company’s ability to influence the capital structure of the portfolio company, as well as the timing of a potential exit.

The Company may also utilize an income approach when estimating the fair value of its equity securities, either as a primary methodology if consistent with industry practice or if the market approach is otherwise not applicable, or as a supporting methodology to corroborate the fair value ranges determined by the market approach. The Company typically prepares and analyzes discounted cash flow models based on projections of the future free cash flows (or earnings) of the portfolio company. The Company considers various factors, including but not limited to the portfolio company’s projected financial results, applicable market trading and transaction comparables, applicable market yields and leverage levels, the markets in which the portfolio company does business, and comparisons of financial ratios of peer companies that are public.

The Company reviews the fair value hierarchy classifications on a quarterly basis. Reclassifications impacting Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy are reported as transfers in or out of the Level 3 category as of the beginning of the quarter in which the reclassifications occur. There were no transfers among Levels 1, 2, and 3 during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013.

The following tables present a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances for fair valued investments measured using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013:

 

     Subordinated
Notes
    Senior
Secured
Loans
    Equity     Warrants     Royalty
Rights
     Total  

Balance, December 31, 2012

   $ 193,691     $ 32,736     $ 26,430     $ 21,392      $ —        $ 274,249  

Realized gain on investments

     259        —          3,941        21,492        —           25,692   

Net change in unrealized (depreciation) appreciation on investments

     (3,738     (89     (1,266     (11,366     —           (16,459

Purchase of investments

     62,921        5,621        10,775        242        —           79,559   

Proceeds from sales and repayments of investments

     (60,876     (1,126     (6,092     (22,242     —           (90,336

Interest and dividend income paid-in-kind

     3,483        103        566        —          —           4,152   

Proceeds from loan origination fees

     (508     (45     (23     —          —           (576

Accretion of loan origination fees

     221       30       3        —          —           254   

Accretion of original issue discount

     724       125       5        —          —           854   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance, September 30, 2013

   $ 196,177      $ 37,355      $ 34,339      $ 9,518      $ —         $ 277,389   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance, December 31, 2013

   $ 214,400      $ 53,387      $ 32,560      $ 6,634      $ —         $ 306,981   

Net realized (losses) gains on investments

     (7,234     —          1,774        686        —           (4,774

Net change in unrealized (depreciation) appreciation on investments

     (2,152     150        3,758        (1,438     —           318   

Purchase of investments

     33,663        22,223        6,333        355        —           62,574   

Proceeds from sales and repayments of investments

     (24,730     (4,393     (2,620     (1,587     —           (33,330

Interest and dividend income paid-in-kind

     3,193        536        421        —          —           4,150   

Proceeds from loan origination fees

     (143     (144     (22     —          —           (309

Accretion of loan origination fees

     286        77        8        —          —           371   

Accretion of original issue discount

     376        120        5        —          —           501   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance, September 30, 2014

   $ 217,659      $ 71,956      $ 42,217      $ 4,650      $ —         $ 336,482  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

Net change in unrealized (depreciation) of $(825) and $(4,958) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, respectively, were attributable to Level 3 investments held at September 30, 2014. Net change in unrealized (depreciation) of $(2,077) and $(4,046) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, respectively, were attributable to Level 3 investments held at September 30, 2013.

The following tables summarize the significant unobservable inputs by valuation technique used to determine the fair value of the Company’s Level 3 debt and equity investments as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013. The tables are not intended to be all-inclusive, but instead capture the significant unobservable inputs relevant to the Company’s determination of fair values.

 

     Fair Value at
September 30,
2014
     Valuation Techniques      Unobservable Inputs     

Range (weighted average)

Debt investments:

           

Subordinated notes

   $ 213,092        Discounted cash flow         Weighted average cost of capital       11.8% – 22.1% (14.6%)
     4,567         Enterprise value         Revenue multiples       5.5x – 5.5x (5.5x)

Senior secured loans

     71,956        Discounted cash flow         Weighted average cost of capital       7.1% – 17.0% (13.2%)

Equity investments:

           

Equity

     42,217        Enterprise value         EBITDA multiples       4.5x – 10.4x (6.5x)

Warrants

     4,650        Enterprise value         EBITDA multiples       5.0x – 9.5x (6.8x)
     Fair Value at
December 31,
2013
     Valuation Techniques      Unobservable Inputs     

Range (weighted average)

Debt investments:

           

Subordinated notes

   $ 208,226        Discounted cash flow         Weighted average cost of capital       10.9% – 24.0% (15.5%)
     6,174         Enterprise value         EBITDA multiples       4.5x – 5.5x (4.9x)
           Revenue multiples       0.3x – 0.5x (0.5x)

Senior secured loans

     53,387        Discounted cash flow         Weighted average cost of capital       10.9% – 16.6% (14.4%)

Equity investments:

           

Equity

     32,560        Enterprise value         EBITDA multiples       4.5x – 10.4x (6.6x)

Warrants

     6,634        Enterprise value         EBITDA multiples       4.7x – 9.5x (6.3x)

The significant unobservable input used in determining the fair value under the discounted cash flow technique is the weighted average cost of capital of each security. Significant increases (or decreases) in this input would likely result in a significantly lower (or higher) fair value estimate.

The significant unobservable inputs used in determining fair value under the enterprise value technique are revenue and EBITDA multiples. Significant increases (or decreases) in this input could result in a significantly higher (or lower) fair value estimate.

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

Other Financial Assets and Liabilities

ASC Topic 820 requires disclosure of the fair value of financial instruments for which it is practical to estimate such value. The Company believes that the carrying amounts of its other financial instruments such as cash and cash equivalents, receivables and payables approximate the fair value of such items due to the short maturity of such instruments. SBA debentures are carried at cost and with their longer maturity dates, fair value is estimated by discounting remaining payments using current market rates for similar instruments and considering such factors as the legal maturity date and the ability of market participants to prepay the debentures. As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the fair value of the Company’s SBA debentures using Level 3 inputs is estimated at $145,500 and $144,500, respectively, which is the same as the Company’s carrying value of the debentures.

Note 5. Related Party Transactions

Investment Advisory Agreement: Concurrent with the Formation Transactions, the Company entered into the Investment Advisory Agreement with the Investment Advisor. On June 4, 2014, the Board approved the renewal of the Investment Advisory Agreement through June 20, 2015. Pursuant to the Investment Advisory Agreement and subject to the overall supervision of the Board, the Investment Advisor provides investment advisory services to the Company. For providing these services, the Investment Advisor receives a fee, consisting of two components — a base management fee and an incentive fee.

The base management fee is calculated at an annual rate of 1.75% based on the average value of total assets (other than cash or cash equivalents but including assets purchased with borrowed amounts) at the end of the two most recently completed calendar quarters. The base management fee is payable quarterly in arrears. For the three months ended September 30, 2014, the Investment Advisor waived $13 of the base management fee attributable to a portfolio investment that funded into escrow on September 30, 2014 but did not close until after the end of the quarter. The base management fee under the Investment Advisory Agreement for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 totaled $1,469 and $1,329 respectively. The base management fee under the Investment Advisory Agreement for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 totaled $4,227 and $3,940, respectively.

The incentive fee consists of two parts. The first part is calculated and payable quarterly in arrears based on the Company’s pre-incentive fee net investment income for the quarter. Pre-incentive fee net investment income means interest income, dividend income and any other income (including any other fees such as commitment, origination, structuring, diligence and consulting fees or other fees that the Company receives from portfolio companies but excluding fees for providing managerial assistance) accrued during the calendar quarter, minus operating expenses for the quarter (including the base management fee, any expenses payable under the Administration Agreement (defined below) and any interest expense and dividends paid on any outstanding preferred stock, but excluding the incentive fee and any organizing and offering costs). Pre-incentive fee net investment income includes, in the case of investments with a deferred interest feature (such as market discount, debt instruments with payment-in-kind income, preferred stock with PIK dividends and zero-coupon securities), accrued income the Company has not yet received in cash. The Investment Advisor is not under any obligation to reimburse the Company for any part of the incentive fee it receives that was based on accrued interest that the Company never collects.

Pre-incentive fee net investment income does not include any realized capital gains, taxes associated with such realized capital gains, realized capital losses or unrealized capital appreciation or depreciation. Because of the structure of the incentive fee, it is possible that the Company may pay an incentive fee in a quarter where the Company incurs a loss. For example, if the Company generates pre-incentive fee net investment income in excess of the hurdle rate (as defined below) for a quarter, the Company will pay the applicable incentive fee even if the Company has incurred a loss in that quarter due to a net loss on investments.

Pre-incentive fee net investment income, expressed as a rate of return on the value of the Company’s net assets (defined as total assets less indebtedness and before taking into account any incentive fees payable during the period) at the end of the immediately preceding calendar quarter, is compared to a fixed “hurdle rate” of 2.0% per quarter. If market interest rates rise, the Company may be able to invest funds in debt instruments that provide for a higher return, which would increase the Company’s pre-incentive fee net investment income and make it easier for the Investment Advisor to surpass the fixed hurdle rate and receive an incentive fee based on such net investment income. The Company’s pre-incentive fee net investment income used to calculate this part of the incentive fee is also included in the total assets (other than cash and cash equivalents but including assets purchased with borrowed amounts) used to calculate the 1.75% base management fee.

The Company pays the Investment Advisor an incentive fee with respect to pre-incentive fee net investment income in each calendar quarter as follows:

 

    no incentive fee in any calendar quarter in which the pre-incentive fee net investment income does not exceed the hurdle rate of 2.0%;

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

    100.0% of the Company’s pre-incentive fee net investment income with respect to that portion of such pre-incentive fee net investment income, if any, that exceeds the hurdle rate but is less than 2.5% in any calendar quarter. This portion of the pre-incentive fee net investment income (which exceeds the hurdle rate but is less than 2.5%) is referred to as the “catch-up” provision. The catch-up is meant to provide the Investment Advisor with 20.0% of the pre-incentive fee net investment income as if a hurdle rate did not apply if this net investment income exceeds 2.5% in any calendar quarter; and

 

    20.0% of the amount of the Company’s pre-incentive fee net investment income, if any, that exceeds 2.5% in any calendar quarter.

The sum of the calculations above equals the income incentive fee. The income incentive fee is appropriately prorated for any period of less than three months and adjusted for any share issuances or repurchases during the calendar quarter. The income incentive fee for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 totaled $1,386 and $1,281, respectively. The income incentive fee for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 totaled $3,881 and $3,797, respectively.

The second part of the incentive fee is a capital gains incentive fee that is determined and paid in arrears as of the end of each fiscal year (or upon termination of the Investment Advisory Agreement, as of the termination date), and equals 20.0% of the net capital gains as of the end of the fiscal year. In determining the capital gains incentive fee to be paid to the Investment Advisor, the Company calculates the cumulative aggregate realized capital gains and cumulative aggregate realized capital losses since the Formation Transactions, and the aggregate unrealized capital depreciation as of the date of the calculation, as applicable, with respect to each of the investments in the Company’s portfolio. At the end of the applicable year, the amount of capital gains that serves as the basis for the calculation of the capital gains incentive fee to be paid equals the cumulative aggregate realized capital gains less cumulative aggregate realized capital losses, less aggregate unrealized capital depreciation, with respect to the Company’s portfolio of investments. If this number is positive at the end of such year, then the capital gains incentive fee to be paid for such year equals 20.0% of such amount, less the aggregate amount of any capital gains incentive fees paid in all prior years. On March 4, 2014, the Board, including all of the directors who are not “interested persons” of the Company, as that term is defined in the 1940 Act (the “Independent Directors”), approved an amendment to the Investment Advisory Agreement to remove the references to original cost in the calculation of net capital gains. The amendment to the Investment Advisory Agreement was effective March 4, 2014 and had the effect of reducing the capital gains incentive fee payable as of December 31, 2013, which had not yet been calculated and paid. As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the capital gains incentive fee payable was $0 and $348, respectively. The aggregate amount of capital gains incentive fees paid through September 30, 2014 is $348.

In addition, the Company accrues, but does not pay, a capital gains incentive fee in connection with any unrealized capital appreciation, as appropriate. If, on a cumulative basis, the sum of net realized gains/(losses) plus net unrealized appreciation/(depreciation) decreases during a period, the Company will reverse any excess capital gains incentive fee previously accrued such that the amount of capital gains incentive fee accrued is no more than 20.0% of the sum of net realized gains/(losses) plus net unrealized appreciation/(depreciation). During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Company recognized reversals of accrued capital gains incentive fees of $66 and $866, respectively. During the three months ended September 30, 2013, the Company recognized a reversal of accrued capital gains incentive fees of $147. During the nine months ended September 30, 2013, the Company recognized accrued capital gains incentive fees totaling $1,846.

The sum of the income incentive fee and the capital gains incentive fee is the incentive fee and is reported in the consolidated statements of operations. Accrued management fees, income incentive fees and capital gains incentive fees are reported in the due to affiliates line in the consolidated statements of assets and liabilities.

Unless terminated earlier as described below, the Investment Advisory Agreement will continue in effect from year to year if approved annually by the Board or by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the Company’s outstanding voting securities, and, in either case, if also approved by a majority of the Independent Directors. The Investment Advisory Agreement automatically terminates in the event of its assignment, as defined in the 1940 Act, by the Investment Advisor and may be terminated by either party without penalty upon not less than 60 days’ written notice to the other. The holders of a majority of the Company’s outstanding voting securities may also terminate the Investment Advisory Agreement without penalty.

Administration Agreement: Concurrent with the Formation Transactions, the Company also entered into an administration agreement (the “Administration Agreement”) with the Investment Advisor. On June 4, 2014, the Board approved the renewal of the Administrative Agreement through June 20, 2015. Under the Administration Agreement, the Investment Advisor furnishes the Company with office facilities and equipment, provides it clerical, bookkeeping and record keeping services at such facilities and provides the Company with other administrative services necessary to conduct its day-to-day operations. The Company reimburses the Investment Advisor for the allocable portion of overhead expenses incurred in performing its obligations under the Administration Agreement, including rent and the Company’s allocable portion of the cost of its chief financial officer and chief compliance officer and their respective staffs. Under the Administration Agreement, the Investment Advisor also provides

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

managerial assistance to those portfolio companies to which the Company is required to provide such assistance. Under the Administration Agreement, administrative expenses for services provided for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 totaled $496 and $314, respectively. Under the Administration Agreement, administrative expenses for services provided for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 totaled $1,289 and $815. Accrued administrative expenses are reported in the due to affiliates line in the consolidated statements of assets and liabilities.

Note 6. Debt

Revolving Credit Facility: On June 16, 2014, FIC entered into a senior secured revolving credit agreement (the “Credit Facility”) with ING Capital LLC (“ING”), as the administrative agent, collateral agent, and lender. The Credit Facility has an initial commitment of $30,000 with an accordion feature that allows for an increase in the total commitments up to $75,000, subject to certain conditions and the satisfaction of specified financial covenants. The Credit Facility is secured by certain portfolio investments held by the Company, but portfolio investments held by the Funds are not collateral for the Credit Facility. The stated maturity date for the Credit Facility is June 16, 2018, which may be extended by mutual agreement.

Amounts available to borrow under the Credit Facility are subject to a minimum borrowing/collateral base that applies an advance rate to certain investments held by the Company. The Company is subject to limitations with respect to the investments securing the Credit Facility, including, but not limited to, restrictions on sector concentrations, loan size, payment frequency and status and collateral interests, as well as restrictions on portfolio company leverage, which may also affect the borrowing base and therefore amounts available to borrow.

Borrowings under the Credit Facility bear interest, subject to the Company’s election, on a per annum basis equal to (i) the alternate base rate plus 2.5% or (ii) the applicable LIBOR rate plus 3.5%. The alternate base rate is equal to the greater of (i) prime rate, (ii) the federal funds rate plus 0.5% or (iii) the three-month LIBOR rate plus 1.0%. The Company pays a commitment fee between 0.5% and 1.0% per annum based on the size of the unused portion of the Credit Facility.

The Company has made customary representations and warranties and is required to comply with various covenants, reporting requirements and other customary requirements for similar credit facilities. These covenants are subject to important limitations and exceptions that are described in the documents governing the Credit Facility. As of September 30, 2014, the Company was in compliance in all material respect with the terms of the Credit Facility and there were no amounts outstanding under the Credit Facility.

For the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, commitment fees related to the unused portion of the Credit Facility of $76 and $0, respectively, are included in interest and financing expenses on the consolidated statements of operations. For the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, commitment fees related to the Credit Facility of $89 and $0, respectively, are included in interest and financing expenses on the consolidated statements of operations. As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, accrued interest and fees payable related to the Credit Facility totaled $0 and $0, respectively.

SBA debentures: The Company uses debenture leverage provided through the SBA to fund a portion of its investment purchases.

Under the SBA debenture program, the SBA commits to purchase debentures issued by SBICs and such debentures are guaranteed by the SBA. The SBA has made commitments to purchase $175,000 of SBA debentures from the Company on or before September 30, 2017. Unused commitments as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 were $29,500 and $30,500, respectively. The SBA may limit the amount that may be drawn each year under these commitments, and each issuance of leverage is conditioned on the Company’s full compliance, as determined by the SBA, with the terms and conditions set forth in the SBIC Act.

As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company’s issued and outstanding SBA debentures mature as follows:

 

Pooling Date(1)

   Maturity
Date
     Fixed
Interest Rate
    September 30,
2014
     December 31,
2013
 

3/26/2008

     3/1/2018        6.188 %   $ 24,750      $ 24,750  

9/24/2008

     9/1/2018        6.442       11,950        11,950  

3/25/2009

     3/1/2019        5.337       19,750        19,750  

9/23/2009

     9/1/2019        4.950       10,000        10,000  

3/24/2010

     3/1/2020        4.825       13,000        13,000  

9/22/2010

     9/1/2020        3.932       12,500        12,500  

3/29/2011

     3/1/2021        4.801       1,550        1,550  

9/21/2011

     9/1/2021        3.594       3,250        3,250  

3/21/2012

     3/1/2022        3.483        3,250         3,250  

3/21/2012

     3/1/2022        3.051       19,000        19,000  

9/19/2012

     9/1/2022        2.530       11,000        11,000  

9/19/2012

     9/1/2022        3.049       11,500        11,500  

3/27/2013

     3/1/2023         3.155        3,000         3,000   

9/24/2014

     9/1/2024         3.775        1,000         —     
       

 

 

    

 

 

 
        $ 145,500       $ 144,500   
       

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) The SBA has two scheduled pooling dates for debentures (in March and in September). Certain debentures funded during the reporting periods may not be pooled until the subsequent pooling date.

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

Interest on SBA debentures is payable semi-annually on March 1 and September 1. For the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, interest and financing expenses on outstanding SBA debentures amounted to $1,662 and $1,657, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, interest and financing expenses on outstanding SBA debentures amounted to $4,924 and $4,907, respectively. As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, accrued interest and fees payable related to the SBA debentures totaled $541 and $2,198, respectively. The weighted average fixed interest rate for all SBA debentures as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 was 4.5% and 4.6%, respectively.

Deferred Financing Costs

Deferred financing costs are amortized into interest and financing expenses on the consolidated statement of operations using the straight-line method, which approximates the effective interest method, over the term of the respective financing instrument. Deferred financing cost amortization for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 was $196 and $130, respectively. Deferred financing cost amortization for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 was $469 and $380, respectively. Deferred financing costs related to the Credit Facility and SBA debentures as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, were as follows:

 

     September 30,
2014
    December 31,
2013
 

SBA debenture commitment fees

   $ 1,750     $ 1,750  

SBA debenture leverage fees

     3,528       3,504  

Credit Facility upfront fees

     893        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Subtotal

     6,171       5,254   

Accumulated amortization

     (2,571     (2,102
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net deferred financing costs

   $ 3,600     $ 3,152  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Note 7. Commitments and Contingencies

Commitments: As of September 30, 2014, the Company had four unfunded revolving loan commitments totaling $3,364 to portfolio companies and two unfunded loan commitments totaling $6,726 to a portfolio company. As of December 31, 2013, the Company had two unfunded revolving loan commitments totaling $1,500, two unfunded loan commitments totaling $4,589 to portfolio companies and one unfunded capital commitment of $308 related to a portfolio company. The commitments are generally subject to the borrowers meeting certain criteria such as compliance with financial and nonfinancial covenants. Since commitments may expire without being drawn upon, the total commitment amount does not necessarily represent future cash requirements.

Indemnifications: In the normal course of business, the Company enters into contracts and agreements that contain a variety of representations and warranties that provide indemnifications under certain circumstances. The Company’s maximum exposure under these arrangements is unknown, as this would involve future claims that may be made against the Company that have not yet occurred. The Company expects the risk of future obligation under these indemnifications to be remote.

Legal proceedings: In the normal course of business, the Company may be subject to legal and regulatory proceedings that are generally incidental to its ongoing operations. While the outcome of these legal proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty, the Company does not believe these proceedings will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

Note 8. Financial Highlights

The following is a schedule of financial highlights for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013:

 

     Nine months ended September 30,  
     2014     2013  

Per share data:

    

Net asset value at beginning of period

   $ 15.35      $ 15.32   

Net investment income(1)

     1.20        0.99   

Net realized (loss) gain on investments (net of taxes)(1)

     (0.34     1.91   

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments(1)

     0.02        (1.22
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total increase from investment operations(1)

     0.88        1.68   

Accretive effect of share issuance above NAV

     0.19        0.16   

Dividends to stockholders

     (1.24     (1.18
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net asset value at end of period

   $ 15.18      $ 15.98   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Market value at end of period

   $ 16.51      $ 19.40   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Shares outstanding at end of period

     15,943,139        13,734,336   

Weighted average shares outstanding during the period

     13,784,936        13,452,768   

Ratios to average net assets:

    

Expenses other than incentive fee(2)

     7.9     7.4

Incentive fee(2)

     1.8     3.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total expenses(2)

     9.7     11.0

Net investment income(2)

     10.2     8.5

Total return(3)

     (18.4 )%      25.1

Net assets at end of period

   $ 241,950      $ 219,409   

Average debt outstanding

   $ 145,000      $ 144,500   

Average debt per share(1)

   $ 10.52      $ 10.74   

Portfolio turnover ratio(2)

     14.1     36.7

 

(1) Weighted average per share data.
(2) Annualized for periods less than one year.
(3) The total return for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 equals the change in the ending market value of the Company’s common stock plus dividends paid per share during the period, divided by the beginning common stock price and is not annualized.

Note 9. Dividends and Distributions

The Company’s dividends and distributions are recorded on the record date. The following table summarizes the dividends paid during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013.

 

Date

Declared

   Record
Date
     Payment
Date
     Amount
Per Share
     Cash
Distribution
     DRIP
Shares
Issued
     DRIP
Shares
Value
 

Fiscal Nine Months September 30, 2013:

  

     

2/22/2013

     3/14/2013         3/28/2013       $ 0.38       $ 4,822         20,501       $ 376   

5/1/2013

     6/12/2013         6/26/2013       $ 0.38       $ 4,893         17,415       $ 313   

7/31/2013

     9/12/2013         9/26/2013       $ 0.38       $ 4,902         15,899       $ 310   

7/31/2013(1)

     9/12/2013         9/26/2013       $ 0.04       $ 516         1,674       $ 33   
        

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
         $ 1.18       $ 15,133         55,489       $ 1,032   
        

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Fiscal Nine Months September 30, 2014:

  

     

2/18/2014

     3/21/2014         3/31/2014       $ 0.38       $ 5,028         10,410       $ 199   

5/5/2014

     6/13/2014         6/27/2014       $ 0.38       $ 5,037         9,459       $ 194   

5/5/2014(2)

     7/25/2014         7/31/2014       $ 0.05       $ 664         1,368       $ 25   

5/5/2014(3)

     8/25/2014         8/29/2014       $ 0.05       $ 660         1,567       $ 29   

5/5/2014

     9/12/2014         9/26/2014       $ 0.38       $ 5,095         11,562       $ 198   
        

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
         $ 1.24       $ 16,484         34,366       $ 645   
        

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Special dividend of $0.04 per share.
(2) Special dividend of $0.05 per share.
(3) Special dividend of $0.05 per share.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2014, $645 of the total $17,129 paid to stockholders represented DRIP participation. During this period, the Company satisfied the DRIP participation requirements with the issuance of 34,366 shares at

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

an average value of $18.78 per share at the date of issuance. For the nine months ended September 30, 2013, $1,032 of the total $16,165 paid to stockholders represented DRIP participation. During this period, the Company satisfied the DRIP participation requirements with the issuance of 55,489 shares at an average value of $18.61 per share at the date of issuance.

Since the Company’s IPO, dividends and distributions to stockholders total $65,419 or $5.28 per share.

Note 10. Subsequent Events

On October 2, 2014, the Company invested $6,000 in the senior secured loan of Plymouth Rock Energy, LLC, a leading retail energy marketer for the domestic natural gas and electricity industries.

On October 31, 2014, the Company invested $10,500 in the subordinated notes of Grindmaster Corporation, a leading global manufacturer of commercial beverage dispensing and complementary foodservice equipment.

On November 4, 2014, the Board declared a regular quarterly dividend of $0.38 per share and a special dividend of $0.10 per share, both of which are payable on December 19, 2014 to shareholders of record as of December 5, 2014.

On November 5, 2014, the Company invested $7,200 in the subordinated notes and common equity of FDS Avionics Corp., doing business as Flight Display Systems, a leading designer, developer and light manufacturer of avionics focusing on cabin electronics for business and commercial aircraft and ruggedized special mission monitors and other retrofit solutions for military aircraft.

 

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Table of Contents

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with Fidus Investment Corporation’s consolidated financial statements and related notes appearing in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013, filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 6, 2014. The information contained in this section should also be read in conjunction with our unaudited consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q.

Except as otherwise specified, references to “we,” “us,” “our,” “Fidus” and “FIC” refer to Fidus Investment Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries.

Forward Looking Statements

Some of the statements in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q contain forward-looking information that is subject to substantial risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements are not historical facts, but rather are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about us, our current and prospective portfolio investments, our industry, our beliefs, and our assumptions. Words such as “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “would,” “should,” “targets,” “projects” and variations of these words and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, some of which are beyond our control and difficult to predict and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or forecasted in the forward-looking statements, including without limitation:

 

    our dependence on key personnel of our investment advisor and our executive officers;

 

    our ability to maintain or develop referral relationships;

 

    our use of leverage;

 

    the availability of additional capital on attractive terms or at all;

 

    uncertain valuations of our portfolio investments;

 

    competition for investment opportunities;

 

    actual and potential conflicts of interest with our investment advisor;

 

    other potential conflicts of interest;

 

    SBA regulations affecting our wholly-owned SBIC subsidiaries;

 

    changes in interest rates;

 

    the impact of a protracted decline in the liquidity of credit markets on our business and portfolio investments;

 

    our ability to maintain our status as a RIC and as a BDC;

 

    the timing, form and amount of any distributions from our portfolio companies;

 

    changes in laws or regulations applicable to us;

 

    dilution risks related to our ability to issue shares below our current net asset value;

 

    possible resignation of our investment advisor or administrator;

 

    the general economy and its impact on the industries in which we invest;

 

    risks associated with investing in lower middle-market companies;

 

    the ability of our investment advisor to identify, invest in and monitor companies that meet our investment criteria; and

 

    our ability to invest in qualifying assets.

Although we believe that the assumptions on which these forward-looking statements are based are reasonable, any of those assumptions could prove to be inaccurate, and as a result, the forward-looking statements based on those assumptions also could be inaccurate. In light of these and other uncertainties, the inclusion of a projection or forward-looking statement in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q should not be regarded as a representation by us that our plans and objectives will be achieved. These risks and uncertainties include those described or identified in “Risk Factors” in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013, filed with the SEC on March 6, 2014. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which apply only as of the date of this quarterly report on Form 10-Q. We expressly disclaim any responsibility to update forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. The forward-looking statements and projections contained in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q are excluded from the safe harbor protection provided by Section 27A of the 1933 Act.

 

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Overview

We provide customized debt and equity financing solutions to lower middle-market companies, which we define as U.S. based companies having revenues between $10.0 million and $150.0 million. Our investment objective is to provide attractive risk-adjusted returns by generating both current income from our debt investments and capital appreciation from our equity related investments. Our investment strategy includes partnering with business owners, management teams and financial sponsors by providing customized financing for ownership transactions, recapitalizations, strategic acquisitions, business expansion and other growth initiatives. We seek to maintain a diversified portfolio of investments in order to help mitigate the potential effects of adverse economic events related to particular companies, regions or industries.

FIC was formed as a Maryland corporation on February 14, 2011. On June 20, 2011, FIC acquired all of the limited partnership interests of Fund I and membership interests of FMCGP through the Formation Transactions, resulting in Fund I becoming our wholly-owned SBIC subsidiary. Immediately following the Formation Transactions, we and Fund I elected to be treated as BDCs under the 1940 Act and our investment activities have been managed by Fidus Investment Advisors, LLC, our investment advisor, and supervised by our board of directors, a majority of whom are independent of us.

In June 2011, we closed our initial public offering, or IPO, issuing a total of 5,370,500 shares of common stock at a price of $15.00 per share resulting in net proceeds of $73.6 million, after deducting underwriting fees and offering costs totaling $6.9 million.

In September 2012, we issued 2,472,500 shares in a follow-on public offering, including shares purchased by the underwriters pursuant to their exercise of the over-allotment option, at an offering price of $16.10 per share resulting in net proceeds of $38.0 million after deducting underwriting fees and offering costs totaling $1.9 million.

In February 2013, we issued 1,725,000 shares of common stock in a follow-on public offering, including shares purchased by the underwriters pursuant to their exercise of the over-allotment option, at an offering price of $17.60 per share resulting in net proceeds of approximately $28.9 million after deducting underwriting commissions and offering costs totaling $1.5 million.

In August 2014, we entered into an equity distribution agreement with Raymond James & Associates, Inc. and Robert W. Baird & Co. Incorporated through which the Company could sell, by means of at-the-market offerings from time to time, shares of the Company’s common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $50.0 million (the “ATM Program”). During the period from August 21, 2014 through September 30, 2014, 153,541 shares of our common stock were sold at an average offering price of $18.56 per share resulting in net proceeds of $2.8 million after commissions to the sales agent on shares sold and offering costs of $0.1 million.

In September 2014, we issued 2,000,000 shares of our common stock in a follow-on public offering at an offering price of $17.00 per share, resulting in net proceeds of approximately $32.4 million after deducting underwriting commissions and offering costs totaling $1.6 million. We received such proceeds on October 3, 2014.

Our shares are listed on The NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “FDUS.”

On March 29, 2013, we commenced operations of a second wholly-owned subsidiary, Fund II. Fund I and Fund II are collectively referred to as the “Funds.”

Fund I received its SBIC license on October 22, 2007 and Fund II received its SBIC license on May 28, 2013. We plan to continue to operate the Funds as SBICs, subject to SBA approval, and to utilize the proceeds of the sale of SBA debentures to enhance returns to our stockholders. We have also made, and continue to make, investments directly through FIC. We believe that utilizing FIC and the Funds as investment vehicles provides us with access to a broader array of investment opportunities. Given our access to lower cost capital through the SBA’s SBIC debenture program, we expect that the majority of our investments will continue to be made through the Funds until such time as we have met the limit for funds we can borrow under the SBIC Debenture Program. As of September 30, 2014, we had investments in 37 portfolio companies with an aggregate fair value of $336.5 million and cost of $344.4 million.

Revenues: We generate revenue in the form of interest income on debt investments and capital gains and distributions, if any, on equity investments. Our debt investments, whether in the form of mezzanine, senior secured or unitranche loans, typically have terms of five to seven years and bear interest at a fixed rate but may bear interest at a floating rate. In some instances, we receive payments on our debt investments based on scheduled amortization of the outstanding balances. In addition, we receive repayments of some of our debt investments prior to their scheduled maturity dates. The frequency or volume of these repayments fluctuates significantly from period to period. Our portfolio activity may reflect the proceeds of sales of securities. In some cases, our investments provide for deferred interest payments or PIK interest. The principal amount of loans and any accrued but unpaid interest generally become due at the maturity date. In addition, we may generate revenue in the form of commitment, origination, amendment, or structuring fees and fees for providing managerial assistance. Loan origination fees, original issue discount and market discount or premium, if any, are capitalized, and we accrete or amortize such amounts into interest income. We record

 

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Table of Contents

prepayment premiums on loans as fee income. Interest and dividend income is recorded on the accrual basis to the extent that we expect to collect such amounts. Loans or preferred equity securities are placed on non-accrual status when principal, interest or dividend payments become materially past due, or when there is reasonable doubt that principal, interest or dividends will be collected. See “Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimates – Revenue Recognition.” Interest and dividend income is accrued based upon the outstanding principal amount and contractual terms of debt and preferred equity investments. Interest is accrued on a daily basis. Dividend income is recorded as dividends are declared or at the point an obligation exists for the portfolio company to make a distribution. Distributions of earnings from portfolio companies are evaluated to determine if the distribution is a distribution of earnings or a return of capital.

We recognize realized gains or losses on investments based on the difference between the net proceeds from the disposition and the cost basis of the investment, without regard to unrealized gains or losses previously recognized. We record current period changes in fair value of investments that are measured at fair value as a component of the net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments in the consolidated statements of operations.

Expenses: All investment professionals of our investment advisor and/or its affiliates, when and to the extent engaged in providing investment advisory and management services to us, and the compensation and routine overhead expenses allocable to personnel who provide these services to us, are provided and paid for by our investment advisor and not by us. We bear all other out-of-pocket costs and expenses of our operations and transactions, including, without limitation, those relating to:

 

    organization;

 

    calculating our net asset value (including the cost and expenses of any independent valuation firm);

 

    fees and expenses incurred by our investment advisor under the Investment Advisory Agreement or payable to third parties, including agents, consultants or other advisors, in monitoring financial and legal affairs for us and in monitoring our investments and performing due diligence on our prospective portfolio companies or otherwise relating to, or associated with, evaluating and making investments;

 

    interest payable on debt, if any, incurred to finance our investments;

 

    offerings of our common stock and other securities;

 

    investment advisory fees and management fees;

 

    administration fees and expenses, if any, payable under the Administration Agreement (including payments under the Administration Agreement between us and our investment advisor based upon our allocable portion of our investment advisor’s overhead in performing its obligations under the Administration Agreement, including rent and the allocable portion of the cost of our officers, including our chief compliance officer, our chief financial officer, and their respective staffs);

 

    transfer agent, dividend agent and custodial fees and expenses;

 

    federal and state registration fees;

 

    all costs of registration and listing our shares on any securities exchange;

 

    U.S. federal, state and local taxes;

 

    Independent Directors’ fees and expenses;

 

    costs of preparing and filing reports or other documents required by the SEC or other regulators including printing costs;

 

    costs of any reports, proxy statements or other notices to stockholders, including printing and mailing costs;

 

    our allocable portion of any fidelity bond, directors and officers/errors and omissions liability insurance, and any other insurance premiums;

 

    direct costs and expenses of administration, including printing, mailing, long distance telephone, copying, secretarial and other staff, independent auditors and outside legal costs;

 

    proxy voting expenses; and

 

    all other expenses reasonably incurred by us or our investment advisor in connection with administering our business.

Portfolio Composition, Investment Activity and Yield

During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, we invested $62.6 million in debt and equity investments, including four new portfolio companies. These investments consisted of subordinated notes ($33.7 million, or 53.8%), senior secured loans ($22.2 million, or 35.5%), equity securities ($6.3 million, or 10.1%), and warrants ($0.4 million, or 0.6%). During the nine months ended September 30, 2014 we received proceeds from sales or repayments, including principal, return of capital dividends and net realized gains (losses), of $33.3 million. During the nine months ended September 30, 2013, we invested $79.6 million in debt and equity investments, including four new portfolio companies. These new investments consisted of subordinated notes ($62.9 million, or 79.0%), a senior secured loan ($5.6 million, or 7.1%), equity securities ($10.8 million, or 13.6%) and warrants ($0.2 million, or 0.3%). During the nine months ended September 30, 2013 we received proceeds from repayments of principal, including return of capital dividends and realized gains, of $90.3 million.

As of September 30, 2014, the fair value of our investment portfolio totaled $336.5 million and consisted of 37 portfolio companies. As of September 30, 2014, our debt portfolio was primarily comprised of fixed rate investments. Overall, the portfolio had a net unrealized depreciation of $7.9 million as of September 30, 2014. Our average portfolio company investment at amortized cost was $9.3 million as of September 30, 2014.

 

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As of December 31, 2013, the fair value of our investment portfolio totaled $307.0 million and consisted of 37 portfolio companies. As of December 31, 2013, our debt portfolio was entirely comprised of fixed rate investments. Overall, the portfolio had a net unrealized depreciation of $8.2 million as of December 31, 2013. Our average portfolio company investment at amortized cost was $8.5 million as of December 31, 2013.

The weighted average yields on debt investments at their cost basis at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 were 13.8% and 14.5%, respectively. The weighted average yields were computed using the effective interest rates for debt investments at cost as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, including the accretion of original issue discount and loan origination fees, but excluding investments on non-accrual status, if any.

The following table shows the portfolio composition by investment type at fair value and cost as a percentage of total investments:

 

     Fair Value     Cost  
     September 30, 2014     December 31, 2013     September 30, 2014     December 31, 2013  

Subordinated notes

     64.7     69.8     65.5 %     69.9

Senior secured loans

     21.4        17.4        20.7       16.8  

Equity

     12.5        10.6        11.9       11.1   

Warrants

     1.4        2.2        1.9       2.2  

Royalty rights

     —          —          —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

     100.0     100.0     100.0 %     100.0 %
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table shows the portfolio composition by geographic region at fair value and cost as a percentage of total investments. The geographic composition is determined by the location of the corporate headquarters of the portfolio company:

 

     Fair Value     Cost  
     September 30, 2014     December 31, 2013     September 30, 2014     December 31, 2013  

Southeast

     29.2     17.9     28.6 %     17.7

West

     22.4        24.9        20.6       24.0  

Northeast

     18.1        19.4        17.3       18.9   

Midwest

     17.3        21.9        19.8       23.6  

Southwest

     13.0        15.9        13.7        15.8   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

     100.0     100.0     100.0 %     100.0 %
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

The following table shows the detailed industry composition of our portfolio at fair value and cost as a percentage of total investments:

 

     Fair Value     Cost  
     September 30, 2014     December 31, 2013     September 30, 2014     December 31, 2013  

Healthcare services

     12.0     10.6     12.1 %     10.1

Oil & gas services

     10.3        4.6        10.0       4.5   

Aerospace & defense manufacturing

     9.0        11.2        7.7        9.6   

Healthcare products

     8.7        8.8        7.9        8.5   

Industrial cleaning & coatings

     4.8        5.1        4.7       5.1  

Transportation services

     4.6        4.9        4.4       4.7   

Financial services

     4.3        4.8        3.9       4.5  

Specialty distribution

     4.0        4.3        3.3       3.6  

Industrial products

     3.7        2.0        3.6        1.9  

Consumer products

     3.4        3.7        3.3        3.5   

Safety products manufacturing

     3.2        3.5        3.1        3.4   

Utility equipment manufacturing

     3.2        3.5        2.9        3.2   

Retail

     3.1        3.3        3.0       3.2  

Building products manufacturing

     3.1        —          3.0        —     

Printing services

     2.9        3.1        2.9        3.0   

Specialty chemicals

     2.6        —          2.5        —     

Commercial cleaning

     2.6        2.7        2.5        2.7  

Information technology services

     2.5        2.6        2.9       3.1   

Components manufacturing

     2.3        2.6        2.3        2.5   

Business services

     2.3        2.4        2.2        2.4  

Laundry services

     1.7        1.8        1.6       1.6   

Retail cleaning

     1.7        2.3        2.9       2.8   

Restaurants

     1.6        1.9        1.4       3.4   

Apparel distribution

     1.5        1.6        1.5       1.7   

Specialty cracker manufacturing

     0.5        0.4        0.4       0.4  

Electronic components supplier

     0.4        3.6        4.0       6.2  

Debt collection services

     —          1.9        —          1.8   

Furniture rental

     —          2.8        —         2.6  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

     100.0     100.0     100.0 %     100.0 %
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Portfolio Asset Quality

In addition to various risk management and monitoring tools, our investment advisor uses an internally developed investment rating system to characterize and monitor the credit profile and our expected level of returns on each investment in our portfolio. We use a five-level numeric rating scale. The following is a description of the conditions associated with each investment rating:

 

    Investment Rating 1 is used for investments that involve the least amount of risk in our portfolio. The portfolio company is performing above expectations and the trends and risk factors are favorable, and may include an expected capital gain.

 

    Investment Rating 2 is used for investments that involve a level of risk similar to the risk at the time of origination. The portfolio company is performing substantially within our expectations and the risk factors are neutral or favorable. Each new portfolio investment enters our portfolio with Investment Rating 2.

 

    Investment Rating 3 is used for investments performing below expectations and indicates the investment’s risk has increased somewhat since origination. The portfolio company requires closer monitoring, but we expect a full return of principal and collection of all interest and/or dividends.

 

    Investment Rating 4 is used for investments performing materially below expectations and the risk has increased materially since origination. The portfolio company has the potential for some loss of investment return, but we expect no loss of principal.

 

    Investment Rating 5 is used for investments performing substantially below our expectations and the risks have increased substantially since origination. We expect some loss of principal.

The following table shows the distribution of our investments on the 1 to 5 investment rating scale at fair value as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013:

 

     September 30, 2014     December 31, 2013  

Investment Rating