10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2018

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission file number 814-00861

 

 

Fidus Investment Corporation

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

Maryland   27-5017321

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

1603 Orrington Avenue, Suite 1005

Evanston, Illinois

  60201
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)

(847) 859-3940

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

n/a

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☑    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ☐    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer   ☐  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company  
     Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐    No  ☑

As of July 30, 2018, the Registrant had outstanding 24,463,119 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

TABLE OF CONTENTS

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

 

  PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION      3  
Item 1.   Financial Statements.      3  
  Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities—June 30, 2018 (unaudited) and December 31, 2017      3  
  Consolidated Statements of Operations—Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 (unaudited) and 2017
(unaudited)
  

 

4

 

  Consolidated Statements of Changes in Net Assets—Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 (unaudited) and 2017
(unaudited)
     5  
  Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows—Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 (unaudited) and 2017
(unaudited)
  

 

6

 

  Consolidated Schedules of Investments—June 30, 2018 (unaudited) and December 31, 2017      7  
  Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)      19  
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.      38  
Item 3.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.      53  
Item 4.   Controls and Procedures.      54  
  PART II—OTHER INFORMATION      55  

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings.

     55  
Item 1A.   Risk Factors.      55  
Item 2.   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.      55  
Item 3.   Defaults Upon Senior Securities.      56  
Item 4.   Mine Safety Disclosures.      56  
Item 5.   Other Information.      56  
Item 6.   Exhibits.      57  
Signatures      58  
Exhibit Index      59  

 

2


Table of Contents

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities

(in thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

     June 30, 2018
(unaudited)
    December 31,
2017
 

ASSETS

    

Investments, at fair value

    

Control investments (cost: $6,811 and $6,294, respectively)

   $ 5,041     $ 4,723  

Affiliate investments (cost: $80,428 and $91,361, respectively)

     127,816       123,011  

Non-control/non-affiliate investments (cost: $524,429 and $480,139, respectively)

     513,325       468,574  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investments, at fair value (cost: $611,668 and $577,794, respectively)

     646,182       596,308  

Cash and cash equivalents

     23,999       41,572  

Interest receivable

     6,442       7,411  

Prepaid expenses and other assets

     1,103       972  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 677,726     $ 646,263  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES

    

SBA debentures, net of deferred financing costs (Note 6)

   $ 209,728     $ 226,660  

Public Notes, net of deferred financing costs (Note 6)

     48,217       —    

Borrowings under Credit Facility, net of deferred financing costs (Note 6)

     6,718       11,175  

Accrued interest and fees payable

     2,940       2,712  

Management and incentive fees payable – due to affiliate

     12,735       11,217  

Administration fee payable and other – due to affiliate

     340       562  

Taxes payable

     519       500  

Accounts payable and other liabilities

     268       164  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     281,465       252,990  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 7)

    

NET ASSETS

    

Common stock, $0.001 par value (100,000,000 shares authorized, 24,463,119 and 24,507,940 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively)

     24       24  

Additional paid-in capital

     369,963       370,545  

Undistributed net investment income

     2,923       5,687  

Accumulated net realized gain (loss) on investments, net of taxes and distributions

     (11,667     (2,001

Accumulated net unrealized appreciation on investments

     35,018       19,018  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total net assets

     396,261       393,273  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and net assets

   $ 677,726     $ 646,263  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net asset value per common share

   $ 16.20     $ 16.05  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).

 

3


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited)

(in thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2018     2017     2018     2017  

Investment Income:

        

Interest income

        

Control investments

   $ 61     $ —       $ 118     $ —    

Affiliate investments

     1,883       2,453       3,538       4,713  

Non-control/non-affiliate investments

     13,741       11,125       26,764       21,954  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total interest income

     15,685       13,578       30,420       26,667  

Payment-in-kind interest income

        

Control investments

     162       —         315       —    

Affiliate investments

     107       456       507       870  

Non-control/non-affiliate investments

     1,061       1,200       2,187       2,445  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total payment-in-kind interest income

     1,330       1,656       3,009       3,315  

Dividend income

        

Control investments

     —         —         —         —    

Affiliate investments

     197       268       641       546  

Non-control/non-affiliate investments

     98       347       (8     727  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total dividend income

     295       615       633       1,273  

Fee income

        

Control investments

     —         —         —         —    

Affiliate investments

     27       141       23       147  

Non-control/non-affiliate investments

     748       1,254       2,189       2,030  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total fee income

     775       1,395       2,212       2,177  

Interest on idle funds and other income

     27       27       71       67  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investment income

     18,112       17,271       36,345       33,499  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Expenses:

        

Interest and financing expenses

     3,046       2,401       6,128       4,985  

Base management fee

     2,821       2,403       5,506       4,716  

Incentive fee

     1,907       2,484       5,661       4,862  

Administrative service expenses

     347       340       746       691  

Professional fees

     275       241       785       710  

Other general and administrative expenses

     691       431       986       709  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total expenses

     9,087       8,300       19,812       16,673  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net investment income before income taxes

     9,025       8,971       16,533       16,826  

Income tax provision

     67       29       198       25  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net investment income

     8,958       8,942       16,335       16,801  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net realized and unrealized gains (losses) on investments:

        

Net realized gains (losses):

        

Control investments

     —         —         —         —    

Affiliate investments

     (6,240     —         733       26  

Non-control/non-affiliate investments

     (8,956     (367     (8,651     6,071  

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation):

        

Control investments

     (272     —         (199     —    

Affiliate investments

     9,353       (435     15,738       750  

Non-control/non-affiliate investments

     4,802       1,817       461       (2,774

Income tax provision from realized gains on investments

     (1     —         (1,748     (1,385
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net gain (loss) on investments

     (1,314     1,015       6,334       2,688  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase in net assets resulting from operations

   $ 7,644     $ 9,957     $ 22,669     $ 19,489  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Per common share data:

        

Net investment income per share-basic and diluted

   $ 0.37     $ 0.39     $ 0.67     $ 0.75  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase in net assets resulting from operations per share — basic and diluted

   $ 0.31     $ 0.44     $ 0.93     $ 0.86  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Dividends declared per share

   $ 0.39     $ 0.39     $ 0.78     $ 0.78  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares outstanding — basic and diluted

     24,463,119       22,653,580       24,480,484       22,550,846  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Net Assets (unaudited)

(in thousands, except shares)

 

                              Accumulated              
                              net realized     Accumulated        
                              gain (loss) on     net unrealized        
     Common Stock      Additional     Undistributed     investments,     appreciation        
     Number of     Par      paid-in     net investment     net of taxes and     (depreciation)     Total net  
     shares     value      capital     income     distributions     on investments     assets  

Balances at December 31, 2016

     22,446,076     $ 22      $ 340,101     $ 9,626     $ (19,908)     $ 23,944     $ 353,785  

Public offerings of common stock, net of expenses (Note 8)

     2,012,500       2        32,285       —         —         —         32,287  

Shares issued under dividend reinvestment plan

     22,048       —          374       —         —         —         374  

Net increase in net assets resulting from operations

     —         —          —         16,801       4,712       (2,024     19,489  

Dividends declared

     —         —          —         (17,512     —         —         (17,512
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balances at June 30, 2017

     24,480,624     $ 24      $ 372,760     $ 8,915     $ (15,196)     $ 21,920     $ 388,423  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balances at December 31, 2017

     24,507,940     $ 24      $ 370,545     $ 5,687     $ (2,001)     $ 19,018     $ 393,273  

Repurchases of common stock under Stock Repurchase Program (Note 8)

     (44,821     —          (582     —         —         —         (582

Net increase in net assets resulting from operations

     —         —          —         16,335       (9,666     16,000       22,669  

Dividends declared

     —         —          —         (19,099     —         —         (19,099
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balances at June 30, 2018

     24,463,119     $ 24      $ 369,963     $ 2,923     $ (11,667)     $ 35,018     $ 396,261  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).

 

5


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited)

(in thousands)

 

     Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2018     2017  

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:

    

Net increase in net assets resulting from operations

  

$

22,669

 

  $ 19,489  

Adjustments to reconcile net increase in net assets resulting from operations to net cash (used for) operating activities:

    

Net change in unrealized (appreciation) depreciation on investments

     (16,000     2,024  

Net realized (gain) loss on investments

     7,918       (6,097

Interest and dividend income paid-in-kind

     (3,098     (3,864

Accretion of original issue discount

     (105     (275

Accretion of loan origination fees

     (434     (726

Purchase of investments

     (103,989     (87,087

Proceeds from sales and repayments of investments

     65,270       66,733  

Proceeds from loan origination fees

     564       486  

Amortization of deferred financing costs

     811       625  

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

    

Interest receivable

     969       (85

Prepaid expenses and other assets

     (164     (510

Accrued interest and fees payable

     228       (510

Management and incentive fees payable – due to affiliate

     1,518       815  

Administration fee payable and other—due to affiliate

     (222     (470

Taxes payable

     19       (190

Accounts payable and other liabilities

     104       (56
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash (used for) operating activities

     (23,942     (9,698
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities:

    

Proceeds from stock offerings, net of expenses

     —         28,053  

Proceeds received from SBA debentures

     27,000       18,000  

Repayments of SBA debentures

     (43,800     (24,750

Proceeds received from issuance of Public Notes

     50,000       —    

Proceeds received from (repayments of) borrowings under Credit Facility, net

     (4,500     —    

Payment of deferred financing costs

     (2,650     (731

Dividends paid to stockholders, including expenses

     (19,099     (17,138

Repurchases of common stock under Stock Repurchase Program

     (582     —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

     6,369       3,434  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     (17,573     (6,264

Cash and cash equivalents:

    

Beginning of period

     41,572       57,083  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

End of period

   $ 23,999     $ 50,819  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

    

Cash payments for interest

   $ 5,089     $ 4,870  

Cash payments for taxes, net of tax refunds received

   $ 1,927     $ 1,600  

Non-cash financing activities:

    

Shares issued under dividend reinvestment plan

   $ —       $ 374  

Proceeds receivable from stock offering

   $ —       $ 4,234  

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).

 

6


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Schedule of Investments (unaudited)

June 30, 2018

(in thousands, except shares)

 

Portfolio Company (a)(b)

Investment Type (c)

 

Industry

  Rate (d)
Cash/PIK
    Maturity     Principal
Amount
    Cost     Fair
Value (e)
    Percent of
Net Assets

Control Investments (t)

             

FDS Avionics Corp. (dba Flight Display Systems)

  Aerospace & Defense Manufacturing            

Second Lien Debt

      4.00%/11.00%       4/1/2020     $ 5,868     $ 5,859     $ 4,837    

Revolving Loan ($50 commitment)

      4.00%/11.00%       4/1/2020       204       204       204    

Common Equity (7,478 shares) (j)

            748       —      
         

 

 

   

 

 

   
            6,811       5,041     1%
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total Control Investments

          $ 6,811     $ 5,041     1%
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

Affiliate Investments (l)

             

Apex Microtechnology, Inc.

  Electronic Components Supplier            

Warrant (2,293 shares) (m)

          $ 220     $ 669    

Common Equity (11,690 shares)

            1,169       3,435    
         

 

 

   

 

 

   
            1,389       4,104     1%

FAR Research Inc.

  Specialty Chemicals            

Common Equity (1,396 units)

            1,396       2,109     1%

Fiber Materials, Inc.

  Aerospace & Defense Manufacturing            

Second Lien Debt

      12.00%/0.00%       5/30/2022     $ 4,044       4,030       4,044    

Common Equity (10 units)

            1,000       2,279    
         

 

 

   

 

 

   
            5,030       6,323     2%

Inflexxion, Inc. (n)

  Business Services            

First Lien Debt (p)(v)

      5.00%/5.00%       12/16/2019       141       141       —      

Revolving Loan (j)(p)(v)

      5.00%/5.00%       12/16/2019       9       9       —      
         

 

 

   

 

 

   
            150       —       0%

Medsurant Holdings, LLC

  Healthcare Services            

Second Lien Debt

      13.00%/0.00%       6/30/2020       8,823       8,785       8,823    

Preferred Equity (126,662 units) (h)

            1,346       2,599    

Warrant (505,176 units) (h)(m)

            4,516       9,469    
         

 

 

   

 

 

   
            14,647       20,891     5%

Microbiology Research Associates, Inc.

  Healthcare Services            

Subordinated Debt

      11.00%/1.50%       3/13/2022       8,732       8,715       8,731    

Common Equity (1,625,731 units) (j)

            1,939       2,973    
         

 

 

   

 

 

   
            10,654       11,704     3%

Mirage Trailers LLC

  Utility Equipment Manufacturing            

Second Lien Debt (k)(f)

      13.50%/1.50%       11/25/2020       6,062       6,019       6,062    

Common Equity (2,500,000 shares) (g)

            2,240       3,053    
         

 

 

   

 

 

   
            8,259       9,115     2%

Pfanstiehl, Inc.

  Healthcare Products            

Subordinated Debt

      10.50%/0.00%       9/29/2022       6,208       6,195       6,208    

Common Equity (8,500 units) (j)

            850       12,631    
         

 

 

   

 

 

   
            7,045       18,839     5%

Pinnergy, Ltd.

  Oil & Gas Services            

Second Lien Debt (k)

      12.00%/0.00%       1/24/2020       6,000       5,989       6,000    

Common Equity - Class A-2 (42,500 units) (k)

            3,000       26,389    

Common Equity - Class B (1,000 units) (k)

            3,000       3,000    
         

 

 

   

 

 

   
            11,989       35,389     9%

Rhino Assembly Company, LLC

  Specialty Distribution            

Second Lien Debt (k)

      12.00%/1.00%       2/11/2023       3,990       3,973       3,990    

Delayed Draw Commitment ($1,042 commitment) (i)(j)

      12.00%/1.00%       5/17/2022       —         —         —      

Preferred Equity (7,500 units) (j)(s)

            750       1,050    
         

 

 

   

 

 

   
            4,723       5,040     1%

 

7


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Schedule of Investments (unaudited) (continued)

June 30, 2018

(in thousands, except shares)

 

Portfolio Company (a)(b)

Investment Type (c)

  

Industry

   Rate (d)
Cash/PIK
     Maturity      Principal
Amount
     Cost     Fair
Value (e)
     Percent of
Net Assets

Steward Holding LLC (dba Steward Advanced Materials)

   Aerospace & Defense Manufacturing                 

Second Lien Debt

        12.00%/2.25%        5/12/2021      $ 7,482      $ 7,464     $ 7,482     

Common Equity (1,000,000 units)

                 1,000       722     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 8,464       8,204        2%

Trantech Radiator Products, Inc.

   Utility Equipment Manufacturing                 

Second Lien Debt (j)

        14.25%/0.00%        12/31/2019        5,994        5,994       5,994     

Common Equity (6,875 shares) (j)

                 688       104     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 6,682       6,098        1%
              

 

 

   

 

 

    

Total Affiliate Investments

               $ 80,428     $ 127,816      32%
              

 

 

   

 

 

    

Non-control/Non-affiliate

Investments

                   

Accent Food Services, LLC

   Vending Equipment Manufacturing                 

Second Lien Debt (k)

        10.00%/3.00%        5/30/2022      $ 29,417      $ 29,297     $ 28,152     

Common Equity (7,885 units) (h)(j)

                 800       577     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 30,097       28,729        7%

Allied 100 Group, Inc.

   Healthcare Products                 

Common Equity (1,250,000 units) (j)

                 1,250       1,513        0%

American AllWaste LLC (dba WasteWater Transport Services)

   Environmental Industries                 

Second Lien Debt (j)

        11.00%/1.50%        11/30/2023        11,054        10,990       10,990     

Delayed Draw Commitment ($2,960 commitment) (i)(j)

        11.00%/1.50%        11/30/2019        —          (11     —       

Preferred Equity (500 units) (j)

                 500       500     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 11,479       11,490        3%

AVC Investors, LLC (dba Auveco)

   Specialty Distribution                 

Second Lien Debt (k)

        11.50%/0.00%        7/3/2023        22,500        22,396       22,396     

Common Equity (5,000 units) (j)

                 500       500     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 22,896       22,896        6%

B&B Roadway and Security Solutions, LLC

   Component Manufacturing                 

Second Lien Debt

        10.50%/1.50%        8/27/2023        10,052        9,999       9,999     

Common Equity (50,000 units) ($133 commitment) (h)(j)

                 500       500     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 10,499       10,499        2%

Caldwell & Gregory, LLC

   Laundry Services                 

Subordinated Debt

        0.00%/12.00%        5/31/2022        3,220        3,220       3,220     

Common Equity (500,000 units) (h)

                 500       753     

Warrant (242,121 units) (h)(m)

                 241       330     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 3,961       4,303        1%

Cardboard Box LLC (dba Anthony's Coal Fired Pizza)

   Restaurants                 

Common Equity (521,021 units) (j)

                 521       97        0%

Cavallo Bus Lines Holdings, LLC

   Transportation services                 

Second Lien Debt (p)

        12.75%/1.50%        4/26/2021        7,398        7,375       2,000        1%

Consolidated Infrastructure Group Holdings, LP

   Business Services                 

Second Lien Debt

        11.25%/1.50%        11/30/2022        2,018        2,009       2,019     

Common Equity (298 units)

                 500       486     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 2,509       2,505        1%

 

8


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Schedule of Investments (unaudited) (continued)

June 30, 2018

(in thousands, except shares)

 

Portfolio Company (a)(b)

Investment Type (c)

  

Industry

   Rate (d)
Cash/PIK
     Maturity      Principal
Amount
     Cost      Fair
Value (e)
     Percent of
Net Assets

ControlScan, Inc.

   Information Technology Services                  

Subordinated Debt (j)

        11.00%/0.00%        1/28/2023      $ 6,750      $ 6,722      $ 6,750     

Common Equity (3,704 shares) (j)

                 4        563     

Preferred Equity (100 shares) (j)

                 996        996     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 7,722        8,309      2%

CRS Solutions Holdings, LLC (dba CRS Texas)

   Business Services                  

Second Lien Debt

        10.50%/1.00%        9/14/2023        9,027        8,985        8,985     

Common Equity (750,000 units) (j)

                 750        750     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 9,735        9,735      2%

EBL, LLC (EbLens)

   Retail                  

Second Lien Debt (j)

        12.00%/1.00%        1/13/2023        9,341        9,265        9,341     

Common Equity (75,000 units) (j)

                 750        767     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 10,015        10,108      2%

Gurobi Optimization, LLC

   Information Technology Services                  

Subordinated Debt (k)

        11.00%/0.00%        6/19/2023        20,000        19,909        20,000     

Common Equity (5 shares)

                 1,500        1,877     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 21,409        21,877      6%

Hilco Plastics Holdings, LLC (dba Hilco Technologies)

   Component Manufacturing                  

Second Lien Debt

        11.50%/1.50%        12/31/2019        9,852        9,827        8,933     

Preferred Equity (1,000,000 units) (h)(j)

                 1,000        1,029     

Common Equity (72,507 units) (h)(j)

                 500        151     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 11,327        10,113      3%

Hub Acquisition Sub, LLC (dba Hub Pen)

   Promotional products                  

Second Lien Debt (k)

        12.25%/0.00%        9/23/2021        20,000        19,929        20,000     

Common Equity (7,500 units)

                 276        1,302     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 20,205        21,302      5%

IBH Holdings, LLC (fka Inflexxion, Inc.)

   Business Services                  

Common Equity (150,000 units) (v)

                 —          —        0%

Ice House America, LLC

   Vending Equipment Manufacturing                  

Second Lien Debt (j)

        12.00%/3.00%        1/1/2020        4,434        4,359        4,434     

Warrant (1,957,895 units) (h)(j)(m)

                 216        261     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 4,575        4,695      1%

inthinc Technology Solutions, Inc. (n)

   Information Technology Services                  

Royalty Rights

           4/24/2020           185        —        0%

Jacob Ash Holdings, Inc.

   Apparel Distribution                  

Second Lien Debt (k)

        17.00%/0.00%        8/31/2018        4,000        4,000        4,000     

Subordinated Debt

        13.00%/0.00%        8/31/2018        50        50        50     

Preferred Equity (66,138 shares) (g)

        0.00%/15.00%        6/30/2018           1,327        1,327     

Warrant (63,492 shares) (m)

                 68        25     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 5,445        5,402      1%

K2 Industrial Services, Inc.

   Industrial Cleaning & Coatings                  

Tranche A Loan

        11.75%/2.50%        4/25/2022        10,453        10,423        8,938     

Tranche B Loan

        11.75%/7.25%        4/25/2022        2,261        2,255        1,972     

Common Equity (1,673 shares)

                 1,268        —       
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 13,946        10,910      3%

The Kyjen Company, LLC (dba Outward Hound)

   Consumer Products                  

Second Lien Debt (k)

        12.00%/0.00%        6/8/2024        14,500        14,434        14,418     

Common Equity (750 shares) (j)

                 750        733     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 15,184        15,151      4%

LNG Indy, LLC (dba Kinetrex Energy)

   Oil & Gas Distribution                  

Second Lien Debt (k)

        11.50%/0.00%        9/28/2021        5,000        4,983        5,000     

Common Equity (1,000 units)

                 1,000        1,605     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 5,983        6,605      2%

 

9


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Schedule of Investments (unaudited) (continued)

June 30, 2018

(in thousands, except shares)

 

Portfolio Company (a)(b)

Investment Type (c)

  

Industry

   Rate (d)
Cash/PIK
     Maturity      Principal
Amount
     Cost     Fair
Value (e)
     Percent of
Net Assets

Marco Group International OpCo, LLC

   Industrial Cleaning & Coatings                 

Second Lien Debt

        10.50%/0.75%        1/21/2023      $ 12,086      $ 12,037     $ 12,086     

Common Equity (750,000 units) (h)(j)

                 750       787     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 12,787       12,873      3%

Mesa Line Services, LLC

   Utilities: Services                 

Second Lien Debt (j)

        10.50%/0.50%        5/31/2023        9,150        9,096       9,150     

Delayed Draw Commitment ($4,000 commitment) (i)(j)

        10.50%/1.00%        5/31/2019        —          (8     —       

Common Equity (500 shares) (j)

                 500       709     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 9,588       9,859      2%

Midwest Transit Equipment, Inc.

   Transportation services                 

Subordinated Debt (j)

        13.00%/0.00%        6/23/2022        12,005        11,364       12,005     

Warrant (14,384 shares) (j)(m)

                 361       98     

Warrant (9.59% of Junior Subordinated Notes) (j)(q)

                 381       420     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 12,106       12,523      3%

New Era Technology, Inc.

   Information Technology Services                 

Common Equity (197,369 shares) (j)

                 750       812      0%

NGT Acquisition Holdings, LLC (dba Techniks Industries)

   Component Manufacturing                 

Subordinated Debt

        12.50%/0.00%        3/21/2022        11,000        10,957       10,423     

Common Equity (378 units) (j)

                 500       224     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 11,457       10,647      3%

Oaktree Medical Centre, P.C. (dba Pain Management Associates)

   Healthcare Services                 

First Lien Debt (j)(u)

        14.50%/0.00%        1/1/2018        570        648       640     

First Lien Debt (j)(u)

        10.00%/12.00%        1/1/2018        7,271        7,858       7,776     

Revolving Loan (j)(u)

        14.50%/0.00%        1/1/2018        2,500        2,835       2,800     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 11,341       11,216      3%

OMC Investors, LLC (dba Ohio Medical Corporation)

   Healthcare Products                 

Second Lien Debt

        12.00%/0.00%        7/15/2021        10,000        9,945       8,132     

Common Equity (5,000 units)

                 500       30     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 10,445       8,162      2%

Palmetto Moon, LLC

   Retail                 

First Lien Debt

        11.50%/1.00%        10/31/2021        5,520        5,494       5,520     

Common Equity (499 units) (j)

                 499       260     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 5,993       5,780      1%

Plymouth Rock Energy, LLC

   Business Services                 

Second Lien Debt (k)

        12.00%/0.00%        6/30/2019        7,018        7,018       7,018      2%

Power Grid Components, Inc.

   Specialty Distribution                 

Second Lien Debt (k)

        11.00%/1.00%        5/20/2023        11,225        11,171       11,171     

Preferred Equity (392 shares) (j)

                 392       392     

Common Equity (9,695 shares) (j)

                 358       358     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 11,921       11,921      3%

Pugh Lubricants, LLC

   Specialty Distribution                 

Second Lien Debt (k)

        12.25%/0.00%        5/10/2022        18,581        18,514       18,581     

Common Equity (6,125 units) (h)(j)

                 612       910     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 19,126       19,491      5%

Restaurant Finance Co, LLC

   Restaurants                 

Second Lien Debt (k)(p)

        15.00%/4.00%        7/31/2020        9,342        9,314       1,989      1%

Revenue Management Solutions, LLC

   Information Technology Services                 

Subordinated Debt (k)

        11.50%/1.00%        7/4/2022        8,883        8,818       9,060     

Common Equity (2,250,000 shares)

                 2,250       3,264     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 11,068       12,324      3%

Rohrer Corporation

   Packaging                 

Common Equity (389 shares)

                 750       816      0%

 

10


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Schedule of Investments (unaudited) (continued)

June 30, 2018

(in thousands, except shares)

 

Portfolio Company (a)(b)

Investment Type (c)

  

Industry

   Rate (d)
Cash/PIK
     Maturity      Principal
Amount
     Cost      Fair
Value (e)
     Percent of
Net Assets

SES Investors, LLC (dba SES Foam)

   Building Products Manufacturing                  

Second Lien Debt

        13.00%/0.00%        12/29/2020      $ 4,095      $ 4,062      $ 3,336     

Common Equity (6,000 units) (h)(j)

                 600        —       
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 4,662        3,336      1%

Simplex Manufacturing Co.

   Aerospace & Defense Manufacturing                  

Subordinated Debt

        14.00%/0.00%        11/1/2018        4,050        4,050        4,050     

Warrant (29 shares) (m)

                 1,155        3,020     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 5,205        7,070      2%

SimplyWell, Inc.

   Healthcare Services                  

Second Lien Debt

        12.00%/1.25%        2/23/2021        10,109        10,071        10,109     

Preferred Equity (309,142 shares)

                 500        535     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 10,571        10,644      3%

Software Technology, LLC

   Information Technology Services                  

Subordinated Debt (k)

        11.00%/0.00%        6/23/2023        8,750        8,717        8,750     

Common Equity (11 shares)

                 1,125        1,225     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 9,842        9,975      2%

SpendMend, LLC

   Business Services                  

Second Lien Debt (k)

        11.00%/1.00%        7/8/2023        10,049        9,999        9,999     

Common Equity (1,000,000 units)

                 1,000        1,000     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 10,999        10,999      3%

The Wolf Organization, LLC

   Building Products Manufacturing                  

Common Equity (175 shares)

                 1,445        4,954      1%

Thermoforming Technology Group LLC (dba Brown Machine Group)

   Capital Equipment Manufacturing                  

Second Lien Debt (k)

        12.50%/0.00%        9/14/2021        23,200        23,121        23,200     

Common Equity (3,760 units) (h)(j)

                 228        540     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 23,349        23,740      6%

Tile Redi, LLC

   Building Products Manufacturing                  

First Lien Debt (j)(r)

        12.31%/0.00%        6/16/2022        10,194        10,112        10,194      3%

Toledo Molding & Die, Inc.

   Component Manufacturing                  

Second Lien Debt (j)

        10.50%/0.00%        12/18/2018        10,000        9,982        10,000      3%

TransGo, LLC

   Component Manufacturing                  

Second Lien Debt

        13.25%/0.00%        8/28/2022        9,500        9,464        9,500     

Common Equity (1,000 units)

                 1,000        799     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 10,464        10,299      3%

The Tranzonic Companies

   Specialty Distribution                  

Subordinated Debt (j)

        10.00%/1.50%        3/27/2025        5,622        5,568        5,568     

Preferred Equity (5,000 units) (j)

                 500        500     

Common Equity (1 units) (j)

                 —          —       
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 6,068        6,068      2%

UBEO, LLC

   Business Services                  

Subordinated Debt (j)

        11.00%/0.00%        10/3/2024        7,100        7,032        7,032     

Common Equity (Units) (705,000 units) (j)

                 705        705     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 7,737        7,737      2%

United Biologics, LLC

   Healthcare Services                  

Preferred Equity (98,377 units) (h)(j)

                 1,008        301     

Warrant (57,469 units) (m)

                 566        112     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 1,574        413      0%

US GreenFiber, LLC

   Building Products Manufacturing                  

Second Lien Debt (k)

        12.00%/2.00%        3/1/2019        14,290        14,281        13,906     

Common Equity (2,522 units) (h)(j)

                 586        —       
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 14,867        13,906      4%

US Pack Logistics LLC

   Transportation services                  

Second Lien Debt (k)

        12.00%/1.75%        3/28/2023        7,345        7,325        7,345     

Common Equity (5,833 units) (h)(j)

                 583        832     

Preferred Equity (9,458 units) (h)(j)

                 946        1,010     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 8,854        9,187      2%

 

11


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Schedule of Investments (unaudited) (continued)

June 30, 2018

(in thousands, except shares)

 

Portfolio Company (a)(b)

Investment Type (c)

  

Industry

   Rate (d)
Cash/PIK
   Maturity      Principal
Amount
     Cost      Fair
Value (e)
     Percent of
Net Assets

Vanguard Dealer Services, L.L.C.

   Business Services                  

Second Lien Debt

      12.25%/0.00%      8/2/2023      $ 11,450      $ 11,419      $ 11,450     

Common Equity (6,000 units)

                 600        1,181     

Common Equity (2,380 units) (j)

                 504        469     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 12,523        13,100          3%

Virginia Tile Company, LLC

   Specialty Distribution                  

Second Lien Debt (k)

      12.25%/0.00%      4/7/2022        12,000        11,975        12,000     

Common Equity (17 units)

                 342        1,597     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 12,317        13,597          3%

Worldwide Express Operations, LLC

   Transportation services                                  

Second Lien Debt (j)(o)

      10.72%/0.00%      2/3/2025        10,000        9,876        10,000     

Common Equity (4,000 units) (h)(j)

                 4,000        4,436     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 13,876        14,436          4%
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total Non-control/Non-affiliate Investments

               $ 524,429      $ 513,325      130%
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total Investments

               $ 611,668      $ 646,182      163%
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

(a) See Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements for portfolio composition by geographic location.
(b) Equity ownership may be held in shares or units of companies related to the portfolio companies.
(c) All debt investments are income producing, unless otherwise indicated. Equity investments are non-income producing unless otherwise noted.
(d) Rate includes the cash interest or dividend rate and paid-in-kind interest or dividend rate, if any, as of June 30, 2018. Generally, payment-in-kind interest can be paid-in-kind or all in cash.
(e) The Company’s investment portfolio is comprised entirely of debt and equity securities of privately held companies for which quoted prices falling within the categories of Level 1 and Level 2 inputs are not available. Therefore, the Company values all of its portfolio investments at fair value, as determined in good faith by the board of directors, using significant unobservable Level 3 inputs.
(f) The investment bears cash interest at a variable rate that is determined by reference to one-month LIBOR, which is reset monthly. The cash interest rate is set as one-month LIBOR + 11.50% and is subject to a 12.50% interest rate floor. The Company has provided the interest rate in effect as of June 30, 2018.
(g) Income producing. Maturity date, if any, represents mandatory redemption date.
(h) Investment is held by a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, other than the Funds.
(i) The disclosed commitment represents the unfunded amount as of June 30, 2018. The Company is earning 0.50% interest on the unfunded balance of the commitment. The interest rate disclosed represents the rate which will be earned if the commitment is funded.
(j) Investment pledged as collateral for the Credit Facility and, as a result, is not directly available to the creditors of the Company to satisfy any obligations of the Company other than the Company's obligations under the Credit Facility (see Note 6 to the consolidated financial statements).
(k) The portion of the investment not held by the Funds is pledged as collateral for the Credit Facility and, as a result, is not directly available to the creditors of the Company to satisfy any obligations of the Company other than the Company's obligations under the Credit Facility (see Note 6 to the consolidated financial statements).
(l) As defined in the 1940 Act, the Company is deemed to be an "Affiliated Person" of this portfolio company because it owns 5% or more of the portfolio company's outstanding voting securities or it has the power to exercise control over the management or policies of such portfolio company. Transactions in which the issuer was an Affiliated Person are detailed in Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements.
(m) Warrants entitle the Company to purchase a predetermined number of shares or units of common equity, and are non-income producing. The purchase price and number of shares are subject to adjustment under certain conditions until the expiration date, if any.
(n) Investment in portfolio company that has sold its operations and is in the process of winding down.
(o) The investment bears interest at a variable rate that is determined by reference to six-month LIBOR, which is reset semi-annually. The interest rate is set as six-month LIBOR + 8.75% and is subject to a 1.00% LIBOR interest rate floor. The Company has provided the interest rate in effect as of June 30, 2018.
(p) Investment was on non-accrual status as of June 30, 2018, meaning the Company has ceased recognizing interest income on the investment.
(q) Warrant entitles the Company to purchase 9.59% of the outstanding principal of Junior Subordinated Notes prior to exercise, and is non-income producing.
(r) The investment bears interest at a variable rate that is determined by reference to three-month LIBOR, which is reset quarterly. The interest rate is set as three-month LIBOR + 10.00% and is subject to a 1.00% LIBOR interest rate floor. The Company has provided the interest rate in effect as of June 30, 2018.
(s) A portion of the investment is held by a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, other than the Funds.
(t) As defined in the 1940 Act, the Company is deemed to be both an “Affiliated Person” of and “Control” this portfolio company because it owns 25% or more of the portfolio company’s outstanding voting securities or it has the power to exercise control over the management or policies of such portfolio company. Transactions in which the issuer was both an Affiliated Person and a portfolio company that the Company is deemed to Control are detailed in Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements.
(u) The debt investment continues to pay interest, including the default rate, while the portfolio company pursues refinancing options.
(v) The historical portfolio company sold its operations and is in the process of liquidating. As consideration for the sale, the Company received a new equity investment in the acquiring entity.

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).

 

12


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Schedule of Investments

December 31, 2017

(in thousands, except shares)

 

Portfolio Company (a)(b)

Investment Type (c)

  

Industry

   Rate (d)
Cash/PIK
     Maturity      Principal
Amount
     Cost      Fair
Value (e)
     Percent of
Net Assets

Control Investments (t)

                    

FDS Avionics Corp. (dba Flight Display Systems)

   Aerospace & Defense Manufacturing                  

Second Lien Debt

        4.00%/11.00%        4/1/2020      $ 5,556      $ 5,546      $ 4,348     

Common Equity (7,478 shares) (j)

                 748        375     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 6,294        4,723      1%
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total Control Investments

               $ 6,294      $ 4,723      1%
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Affiliate Investments (l)

                    

Apex Microtechnology, Inc.

   Electronic Components Supplier                  

Warrant (2,293 shares) (m)

               $ 220      $ 543     

Common Equity (11,690 shares)

                 1,169        2,857     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 1,389        3,400      1%

FAR Research Inc.

   Specialty Chemicals                  

Common Equity (1,396 units)

                 1,396        1,447      0%

Fiber Materials, Inc.

   Aerospace & Defense Manufacturing                  

Second Lien Debt

        12.00%/1.00%        5/30/2022      $ 4,044        4,028        4,044     

Common Equity (10 units)

                 1,000        1,838     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 5,028        5,882      1%

Inflexxion, Inc.

   Business Services                  

First Lien Debt

        5.00%/5.00%        12/16/2019        4,478        4,468        2,647     

Revolving Loan (j)

        5.00%/5.00%        12/16/2019        275        273        163     

Preferred Equity (252,046 units)

                 252        —       

Preferred Equity (308,987 units)

                 309        —       

Preferred Equity (1,400 units)

                 1,400        —       

Preferred Equity (550,000 units)

                 200        —       
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 6,902        2,810      1%

Medsurant Holdings, LLC

   Healthcare Services                  

Second Lien Debt

        12.25%/0.75%        6/30/2020        8,824        8,776        8,824     

Preferred Equity (126,662 units) (h)

                 1,346        2,753     

Warrant (505,176 units) (h)(m)

                 4,516        10,048     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 14,638        21,625      5%

Microbiology Research Associates, Inc.

   Healthcare Services                  

Subordinated Debt

        11.00%/1.50%        3/13/2022        8,667        8,649        8,667     

Common Equity (1,625,731 units) (j)

                 1,939        3,788     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 10,588        12,455      3%

Mirage Trailers LLC

   Utility Equipment Manufacturing                  

Second Lien Debt (k)(f)

        12.88%/1.50%        11/25/2020        6,017        5,964        6,017     

Common Equity (2,500,000 shares)(g)

                 2,340        2,939     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 8,304        8,956      2%

Pfanstiehl, Inc.

   Healthcare Products                  

Subordinated Debt

        10.50%/0.00%        9/29/2021        6,208        6,193        6,208     

Common Equity (8,500 units) (j)

                 850        9,070     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 7,043        15,278      4%

Pinnergy, Ltd.

   Oil & Gas Services                  

Second Lien Debt (k)

        0.00%/10.00%        1/24/2020        9,300        9,286        9,300     

Common Equity—Class A-2 (42,500 units) (k)

                 3,000        15,621     

Common Equity—Class B (1,000 units) (k)

                 3,000        3,000     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 15,286        27,921      7%

Rhino Assembly Company, LLC

   Specialty Distribution                  

Second Lien Debt

        12.00%/1.00%        2/11/2023        3,514        3,498        3,498     

Delayed Draw Commitment ($1,500 commitment) (i)(j)

        12.00%/1.00%        5/17/2022        —          —          —       

Preferred Equity (7,500 units) (j)(s)

                 750        750     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 4,248        4,248      1%

 

13


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Schedule of Investments (continued)

December 31, 2017

(in thousands, except shares)

 

Portfolio Company (a)(b)

Investment Type (c)

  

Industry

   Rate (d)
Cash/PIK
     Maturity      Principal
Amount
     Cost      Fair
Value (e)
     Percent of
Net Assets

Safety Products Group, LLC (n)

   Safety Products Manufacturing                  

Preferred Equity (749 units) (h)(j)

               $ —        $ 12     

Common Equity (676 units) ($2,852 commitment) (h)(j)

                 —          —       
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 —          12        0%

Steward Holding LLC (dba Steward Advanced Materials)

   Aerospace & Defense Manufacturing                  

Second Lien Debt

        12.00%/3.25%        5/12/2021      $ 7,382        7,360        7,382     

Common Equity (1,000,000 units)

                 1,000        500     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 8,360        7,882        2%

Trantech Radiator Products, Inc.

   Utility Equipment Manufacturing                  

Second Lien Debt (j)

        14.25%/0.00%        5/31/2018        6,994        6,992        6,694     

Common Equity (6,875 shares) (j)

                 688        13     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 7,680        6,707        2%

World Wide Packaging, LLC

   Consumer Products                  

Common Equity (1,517,573 units) (h)(j)

                 499        4,388        1%
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total Affiliate Investments

               $ 91,361      $ 123,011      30%
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Non-control/Non-affiliate Investments

                    

Accent Food Services, LLC

   Vending Equipment Manufacturing                  

Second Lien Debt (k)

        10.00%/3.00%        5/30/2022      $ 28,983      $ 28,846      $ 28,984     

Common Equity (7,885 units) (h)(j)

                 800        635     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 29,646        29,619        8%

Allied 100 Group, Inc.

   Healthcare Products                  

Subordinated Debt (k)

        11.50%/0.00%        5/26/2020        13,000        12,973        13,000     

Common Equity (1,250,000 units) (j)

                 1,249        1,425     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 14,222        14,425        4%

Caldwell & Gregory, LLC

   Laundry Services                  

Subordinated Debt

       
0.00%/
12.00%

 
     5/31/2022        3,035        3,035        3,035     

Common Equity (500,000 units) (h)

                 500        625     

Warrant (242,121 units) (h)(m)

                 242        268     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 3,777        3,928        1%

Cardboard Box LLC (dba Anthony's Coal Fired Pizza)

   Restaurants                  

Common Equity (521,021 units) (j)

                 520        85        0%

Cavallo Bus Lines Holdings, LLC

   Transportation services                  

Second Lien Debt

        12.75%/0.00%        4/26/2021        7,395        7,370        6,572        2%

Comprehensive Logistics Co., Inc.

   Business Services                  

Subordinated Debt (k)

        11.50%/4.50%        11/22/2021        15,775        15,716        15,775        4%

Consolidated Infrastructure Group Holdings, LP

   Business Services                  

Second Lien Debt

        11.25%/1.50%        11/30/2022        2,002        1,993        1,993     

Common Equity (298 shares)

                 500        500     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 2,493        2,493        1%

ControlScan, Inc.

   Information Technology Services                  

Subordinated Debt (j)

        11.00%/0.00%        1/28/2023        6,750        6,719        6,719     

Common Equity (3,704 shares) (j)

                 4        4     

Preferred Equity (100 shares) (j)

                 996        996     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 7,719        7,719        2%

EBL, LLC (EbLens)

   Retail                  

Second Lien Debt (j)

        12.00%/1.00%        1/13/2023        9,294        9,210        9,210     

Common Equity (75,000 units) (j)

                 750        750     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 9,960        9,960        3%

 

14


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Schedule of Investments (continued)

December 31, 2017

(in thousands, except shares)

 

Portfolio Company (a)(b)

Investment Type (c)

  

Industry

   Rate (d)
Cash/PIK
     Maturity      Principal
Amount
     Cost     Fair
Value (e)
     Percent of
Net Assets

Gurobi Optimization, LLC

   Information Technology Services                 

Subordinated Debt (k)

        11.00%/0.00%        6/19/2023      $ 20,000      $  19,901     $  19,901     

Common Equity (5 shares)

                 1,500       1,500     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 21,401       21,401      5%

Hilco Plastics Holdings, LLC (dba Hilco Technologies)

   Component Manufacturing                 

Subordinated Debt

        11.50%/4.00%        7/15/2022        8,228        8,198       7,207     

Common Equity (72,507 units) (h)(j)

                 500       163     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 8,698       7,370      2%

Hub Acquisition Sub, LLC (dba Hub Pen)

   Promotional products                 

Second Lien Debt (k)

        12.25%/0.00%        9/23/2021        16,750        16,685       16,750     

Common Equity (7,500 units)

                 276       902     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 16,961       17,652      4%

Ice House America, LLC

   Vending Equipment Manufacturing                 

Second Lien Debt (j)

        12.00%/3.00%        1/1/2020        4,367        4,269       4,367     

Warrant (1,957,895 units) (h)(j)(m)

                 215       234     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 4,484       4,601      1%

inthinc Technology Solutions, Inc. (n)

   Information Technology Services                 

Royalty Rights

           4/24/2020           185       —        0%

IOS Acquisitions, Inc. (n)

   Oil & Gas Services                 

Common Equity (2,152 units) (j)

                 103       17      0%

Jacob Ash Holdings, Inc.

   Apparel Distribution                 

Second Lien Debt (k)

        17.00%/0.00%        6/30/2018        4,000        3,999       4,000     

Subordinated Debt

        13.00%/0.00%        6/30/2018        510        509       510     

Preferred Equity (66,138 shares) (g)

        0.00%/15.00%        6/30/2018           1,238       1,152     

Warrant (63,492 shares) (m)

                 67       —       
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 5,813       5,662      1%

K2 Industrial Services, Inc.

   Industrial Cleaning & Coatings                 

Tranche A Loan

        11.75%/2.50%        4/25/2022        10,304        10,270       10,304     

Tranche B Loan

        11.75%/7.25%        4/25/2022        2,181        2,174       2,181     

Common Equity (1,673 shares)

                 1,268       457     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 13,712       12,942      3%

The Kyjen Company, LLC (dba Outward Hound)

   Consumer Products                 

Second Lien Debt (k)

        12.00%/0.00%        6/8/2024        14,500        14,428       14,428     

Common Equity (750 shares) (j)

                 750       750     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 15,178       15,178      4%

LNG Indy, LLC (dba Kinetrex Energy)

   Oil & Gas Distribution                 

Second Lien Debt (k)

        11.50%/0.00%        9/28/2021        5,000        4,980       5,000     

Common Equity (1,000 units)

                 1,000       1,137     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 5,980       6,137      2%

Marco Group International OpCo, LLC

   Industrial Cleaning & Coatings                 

Second Lien Debt

        10.50%/0.75%        1/21/2023        12,041        11,986       11,986     

Common Equity (750,000 shares) (h)(j)

                 750       750     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 12,736       12,736      3%

Mesa Line Services, LLC

   Utilities: Services                 

Second Lien Debt (j)

        10.50%/1.00%        5/31/2023        9,108        9,048       9,048     

Delayed Draw Commitment ($4,000 commitment) (i)(j)

        10.50%/1.00%        5/31/2019        —          (13     —       

Common Equity (500 shares) (j)

                 500       500     
              

 

 

   

 

 

    
                 9,535       9,548      2%

 

15


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Schedule of Investments (continued)

December 31, 2017

(in thousands, except shares)

 

Portfolio Company (a)(b)

Investment Type (c)

  

Industry

   Rate (d)
Cash/PIK
     Maturity      Principal
Amount
     Cost      Fair
Value (e)
     Percent of
Net Assets

Midwest Transit Equipment, Inc.

   Transportation services                  

Subordinated Debt (j)

        13.00%/0.00%        6/23/2022      $ 12,005      $  11,286      $  12,005     

Warrant (14,384 shares) (j)(m)

                 361        80     

Warrant (9.59% of Junior Subordinated Notes) (j)(q)

              381        405     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 12,028        12,490      3%

New Era Technology, Inc.

   Information Technology Services                  

Second Lien Debt (j)

        11.00%/1.50%        9/3/2022        11,646        11,598        11,646     

Common Equity (197,369 shares) (j)

                 750        828     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 12,348        12,474      3%

NGT Acquisition Holdings, LLC (dba Techniks Industries)

   Component Manufacturing                  

Subordinated Debt

        12.50%/0.00%        3/21/2022        11,000        10,952        11,000     

Common Equity (378 units) (j)

                 500        470     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 11,452        11,470      3%

Oaktree Medical Centre, P.C. (dba Pain Management Associates)

   Healthcare Services                  

First Lien Debt (j)

        11.50%/0.00%        1/1/2018        571        648        631     

First Lien Debt (j)

        7.00%/12.00%        1/1/2018        6,849        7,437        6,438     

Revolving Loan (j)

        11.50%/0.00%        1/1/2018        2,500        2,835        2,743     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 10,920        9,812      2%

OMC Investors, LLC (dba Ohio Medical Corporation)

   Healthcare Products                  

Second Lien Debt

        12.00%/0.00%        7/15/2021        10,000        9,936        8,438     

Common Equity (5,000 shares)

                 500        214     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 10,436        8,652      2%

Palmetto Moon, LLC

   Retail                  

First Lien Debt

        11.50%/1.00%        10/31/2021        6,187        6,158        6,187     

Common Equity (499 units) (j)

                 499        286     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 6,657        6,473      2%

Plymouth Rock Energy, LLC

   Business Services                  

Second Lien Debt (k)

        11.00%/0.00%        6/30/2019        5,545        5,545        5,545      1%

Pugh Lubricants, LLC

   Specialty Distribution                  

Second Lien Debt (k)

        12.25%/0.00%        5/10/2022        18,581        18,505        18,581     

Common Equity (6,125 units) (h)(j)

                 612        931     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 19,117        19,512      5%

Restaurant Finance Co, LLC

   Restaurants                  

Second Lien Debt (k)(p)

        15.00%/4.00%        7/31/2020        9,342        9,314        2,046      1%

Revenue Management Solutions, LLC

   Information Technology Services                  

Subordinated Debt (k)

        11.50%/1.00%        7/4/2022        8,838        8,766        8,838     

Subordinated Debt (j)

        7.00%/6.50%        7/4/2022        817        806        817     

Common Equity (2,250,000 units)

                 2,250        2,571     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 11,822        12,226      3%

Rohrer Corporation

   Packaging                  

Common Equity (389 shares)

                 750        878      0%

SES Investors, LLC (dba SES Foam)

   Building Products Manufacturing                  

Second Lien Debt

        13.00%/0.00%        12/29/2020        4,095        4,056        3,229     

Common Equity (6,000 units) (h)(j)

                 600        —       
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 4,656        3,229      1%

 

16


Table of Contents

FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Schedule of Investments (continued)

December 31, 2017

(in thousands, except shares)

 

Portfolio Company (a)(b)

Investment Type (c)

  

Industry

   Rate (d)
Cash/PIK
     Maturity      Principal
Amount
     Cost      Fair
Value (e)
     Percent of
Net Assets
 

Simplex Manufacturing Co.

   Aerospace & Defense Manufacturing                  

Subordinated Debt

        14.00%/0.00%        11/1/2018      $ 4,050      $ 4,050      $ 4,050     

Warrant (29 shares) (m)

                 1,155        3,240     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 5,205        7,290        2%  

SimplyWell, Inc.

   Healthcare Services                  

Second Lien Debt

        12.00%/1.25%        2/23/2021        10,046        10,001        10,001     

Preferred Equity (309,142 shares)

                 500        500     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 10,501        10,501        3%  

Six Month Smiles Holdings, Inc.

   Healthcare Products                  

Second Lien Debt (j)(p)

        0.00%/14.50%        7/31/2020        9,395        9,377        5,041        1%  

Software Technology, LLC

   Information Technology Services                  

Subordinated Debt (k)

        11.00%/0.00%        6/23/2023        8,750        8,712        8,749     

Common Equity (11 units)

                 1,125        1,183     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 9,837        9,932        3%  

The Wolf Organization, LLC

   Building Products Manufacturing                  

Common Equity (175 shares)

                 1,445        4,223        1%  

Thermoforming Technology Group LLC (dba Brown Machine Group)

   Capital Equipment Manufacturing                  

Second Lien Debt (k)

        12.50%/0.00%        9/14/2021        19,700        19,626        19,700     

Common Equity (3,500 units) (h)(j)

                 169        360     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 19,795        20,060        5%  

Tile Redi, LLC

   Building Products Manufacturing                  

First Lien Debt (j)(r)

        11.34%/0.00%        6/16/2022        10,194        10,102        10,102        3%  

Toledo Molding & Die, Inc.

   Component Manufacturing                  

Second Lien Debt (j)

        10.50%/0.00%        12/18/2018        10,000        9,964        10,000        3%  

TransGo, LLC

   Component Manufacturing                  

Second Lien Debt

        13.25%/0.00%        8/28/2022        9,500        9,460        9,500     

Common Equity (1,000 units)

                 1,000        847     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 10,460        10,347        3%  

United Biologics, LLC

   Healthcare Services                  

Second Lien Debt

        12.00%/2.00%        4/30/2018        8,876        8,866        8,876     

Preferred Equity (98,377 units) (h)(j)

                 1,069        879     

Warrant (57,469 units) (m)

                 566        234     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 10,501        9,989        3%  

US GreenFiber, LLC

   Building Products Manufacturing                  

Second Lien Debt (k)

        12.00%/2.00%        3/1/2019        14,147        14,131        13,014     

Common Equity (2,522 units) (h)(j)

                 586        —       
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 14,717        13,014        3%  

US Pack Logistics LLC

   Transportation services                  

Second Lien Debt (k)

        12.00%/1.75%        3/28/2023        7,282        7,257        7,282     

Common Equity (5,833 units) (h)(j)

                 583        1,078     

Preferred Equity (9,458 units) (h)(j)

                 945        966     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 8,785        9,326        2%  

Vanguard Dealer Services, L.L.C.

   Business Services                  

Second Lien Debt

        12.25%/0.00%        1/30/2021        11,450        11,416        11,450     

Common Equity (6,000 shares)

                 600        946     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 12,016        12,396        3%  

Virginia Tile Company, LLC

   Specialty Distribution                  

Second Lien Debt (k)

        12.25%/0.00%        4/7/2022        12,000        11,971        12,000     

Common Equity (17 units)

                 342        1,493     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 12,313        13,493        4%  

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Consolidated Schedule of Investments (continued)

December 31, 2017

(in thousands, except shares)

 

Portfolio Company (a)(b)

Investment Type (c)

  

Industry

   Rate (d)
Cash/PIK
     Maturity      Principal
Amount
     Cost      Fair
Value (e)
     Percent of
Net Assets
 

Worldwide Express Operations, LLC

   Transportation services                  

Second Lien Debt (j)(o)

        10.20%/0.00%        2/3/2025      $ 10,000      $ 9,867      $ 10,000     

Common Equity (4,000 units) (h)(j)

                 4,000        4,233     
              

 

 

    

 

 

    
                 13,867        14,233            4%  
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total Non-control/Non-affiliate Investments

               $ 480,139      $ 468,574        121%  
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total Investments

               $ 577,794      $ 596,308        152%  
              

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

(a) See Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements for portfolio composition by geographic location.
(b) Equity ownership may be held in shares or units of companies related to the portfolio companies.
(c) All debt investments are income producing, unless otherwise indicated. Equity investments are non-income producing unless otherwise noted.
(d) Rate includes the cash interest or dividend rate and paid-in-kind interest or dividend rate, if any, as of December 31, 2017. Generally, payment-in-kind interest can be paid-in-kind or all in cash.
(e) The Company’s investment portfolio is comprised entirely of debt and equity securities of privately held companies for which quoted prices falling within the categories of Level 1 and Level 2 inputs are not available. Therefore, the Company values all of its portfolio investments at fair value, as determined in good faith by the board of directors, using significant unobservable Level 3 inputs.
(f) The investment bears cash interest at a variable rate that is determined by reference to one-month LIBOR, which is reset monthly. The cash interest rate is set as one-month LIBOR + 11.50% and is subject to a 12.50% interest rate floor. The Company has provided the interest rate in effect as of December 31, 2017.
(g) Income producing. Maturity date, if any, represents mandatory redemption date.
(h) Investment is held by a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, other than the Funds.
(i) The disclosed commitment represents the unfunded amount as of December 31, 2017. The Company is earning 0.50% interest on the unfunded balance of the commitment. The interest rate disclosed represents the rate which will be earned if the commitment is funded.
(j) Investment pledged as collateral for the Credit Facility and, as a result, is not directly available to the creditors of the Company to satisfy any obligations of the Company other than the Company's obligations under the Credit Facility (see Note 6 to the consolidated financial statements).
(k) The portion of the investment not held by the Funds is pledged as collateral for the Credit Facility and, as a result, is not directly available to the creditors of the Company to satisfy any obligations of the Company other than the Company's obligations under the Credit Facility (see Note 6 to the consolidated financial statements).
(l) As defined in the 1940 Act, the Company is deemed to be an "Affiliated Person" of this portfolio company because it owns 5% or more of the portfolio company's outstanding voting securities or it has the power to exercise control over the management or policies of such portfolio company. Transactions in which the issuer was an Affiliated Person are detailed in Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements.
(m) Warrants entitle the Company to purchase a predetermined number of shares or units of common equity, and are non-income producing. The purchase price and number of shares are subject to adjustment under certain conditions until the expiration date, if any.
(n) Investment in portfolio company that has sold its operations and is in the process of winding down.
(o) The investment bears interest at a variable rate that is determined by reference to six-month LIBOR, which is reset semi-annually. The interest rate is set as six-month LIBOR + 8.75% and is subject to a 1.00% LIBOR interest rate floor. The Company has provided the interest rate in effect as of December 31, 2017.
(p) Investment was on non-accrual status as of December 31, 2017, meaning the Company has ceased recognizing interest income on the investment.
(q) Warrant entitles the Company to purchase 9.59% of the outstanding principal of Junior Subordinated Notes prior to exercise, and is non-income producing.
(r) The investment bears interest at a variable rate that is determined by reference to three-month LIBOR, which is reset quarterly. The interest rate is set as three-month LIBOR + 10.00% and is subject to a 1.00% LIBOR interest rate floor. The Company has provided the interest rate in effect as of December 31, 2017.
(s) A portion of the investment is held by a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, other than the Funds.
(t) As defined in the 1940 Act, the Company is deemed to be both an “Affiliated Person” of and “Control” this portfolio company because it owns 25% or more of the portfolio company’s outstanding voting securities or it has the power to exercise control over the management or policies of such portfolio company. Transactions in which the issuer was both an Affiliated Person and a portfolio company that the Company is deemed to Control are detailed in Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements.

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(in thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

Note 1. Organization and Nature of Business

Fidus Investment Corporation (“FIC,” and together with its subsidiaries, the “Company”), a Maryland Corporation, operates as an externally managed, closed-end, non-diversified business development company (“BDC”) under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (“1940 Act”). FIC completed its initial public offering, or IPO, in June 2011. In addition, for federal income tax purposes, the Company elected to be treated as a regulated investment company (“RIC”) under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”).

The Company provides customized debt and equity financing solutions to lower middle-market companies, and may make investments directly or through its two wholly-owned investment company subsidiaries, Fidus Mezzanine Capital, L.P. (“Fund I”) and Fidus Mezzanine Capital II, L.P. (“Fund II”) (collectively Fund I and Fund II are referred to as the “Funds”). The Funds are licensed by the U.S. Small Business Administration (the “SBA”) as small business investment companies (“SBIC”). The SBIC licenses allow the Funds to obtain leverage by issuing SBA-guaranteed debentures (“SBA debentures”), subject to the issuance of leverage commitments by the SBA and other customary procedures. As SBICs, the Funds are subject to a variety of regulations and oversight by the SBA under the Small Business Investment Act of 1958, as amended (the “SBIC Act”), concerning, among other things, the size and nature of the companies in which they may invest and the structure of those investments.

We believe that utilizing both FIC and the Funds as investment vehicles provides us with access to a broader array of investment opportunities. Given our access to lower cost capital through the SBA’s SBIC debenture program, we expect that the majority of our investments will continue to be made through the Funds until the Funds reach their borrowing limit under the program. For three or more SBICs under common control, the maximum amount of outstanding SBA debentures cannot exceed $350,000.

Fund I has also elected to be regulated as a BDC under the 1940 Act. Fund II is not registered under the 1940 Act and relies on the exclusion from the definition of investment company contained in Section 3(c)(7) of the 1940 Act.

The Company pays a quarterly base management fee and an incentive fee to Fidus Investment Advisors, LLC (the “Investment Advisor”) under an investment advisory agreement (the “Investment Advisory Agreement”).

Note 2. Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of presentation: The accompanying consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) pursuant to the requirements for reporting on Form 10-Q, Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 946, Financial Services – Investment Companies (“ASC 946), and Articles 6 or 10 of Regulation S-X. In the opinion of management, the consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments and reclassifications that are necessary for the fair presentation of financial results as of and for the periods presented. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. The current period’s results of operation are not necessarily indicative of results that ultimately may be achieved for the year. Therefore, the unaudited financial statements and notes should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2017.

Use of estimates: The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Consolidation: Pursuant to Article 6 of Regulation S-X and ASC 946, the Company will generally not consolidate its investments in a company other than an investment company subsidiary or a controlled operating company whose business consists of providing services to the Company. As a result, the consolidated financial statements of the Company include only the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, including the Funds. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.

Investment risks: The Company’s investments are subject to a variety of risks. These risks may include, but are not limited to the following:

 

   

Market risk—In contrast to investment-grade bonds (the market prices of which change primarily as a reaction to changes in interest rates), the market prices of high-yield bonds (which are also affected by changes in interest rates) are influenced much more by credit factors and financial results of the issuer as well as general economic factors that influence the financial markets as a whole. The portfolio companies in which the Company invests may be unseasoned, unprofitable and/or have little established operating history or earnings. These companies may also lack technical, marketing, financial, and other resources or may be dependent upon the success of one product or service, a unique distribution channel, or the effectiveness of a manager or management team, as compared to larger, more

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(in thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

 

established entities. The failure of a single product, service or distribution channel, or the loss or the ineffectiveness of a key executive or executives within the management team may have a materially adverse impact on such companies. Furthermore, these companies may be more vulnerable to competition and to overall economic conditions than larger, more established entities.

 

   

Credit risk—Credit risk represents the risk that the Company would incur if the counterparties failed to perform pursuant to the terms of their agreements with the Company. Issues of high-yield debt securities in which the Company invests are more likely to default on interest or principal than are issues of investment-grade securities.

 

   

Liquidity risk—Liquidity risk represents the possibility that the Company may not be able to sell its investments quickly or at a reasonable price (given the lack of an established market).

 

   

Interest rate risk—Interest rate risk represents the likelihood that a change in interest rates could have an adverse impact on the fair value of an interest-bearing financial instrument.

 

   

Prepayment risk—Certain of the Company’s debt investments allow for prepayment of principal without penalty. Downward changes in market interest rates may cause prepayments to occur at a faster than expected rate, thereby effectively shortening the maturity of the debt investments and making the instrument less likely to be an income producing instrument through the stated maturity date.

 

   

Off-Balance sheet risk—Some of the Company’s financial instruments contain off-balance sheet risk. Generally, these financial instruments represent future commitments to purchase other financial instruments at defined terms at defined future dates. See Note 7 for further details.

Fair value of financial instruments: The Company measures and discloses fair value with respect to substantially all of its financial instruments in accordance with ASC Topic 820—Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (“ASC Topic 820”). ASC Topic 820 defines fair value, establishes a framework used to measure fair value, and requires disclosures for fair value measurements, including the categorization of financial instruments into a three-level hierarchy based on the transparency of valuation inputs. See Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements for further discussion regarding the fair value measurements and hierarchy.

Investment classification: The Company classifies its investments in accordance with the requirements of the 1940 Act. Under the 1940 Act, “Control Investments” are defined as investments in those companies where the Company owns more than 25% of the voting securities of such company or has rights to maintain greater than 50% of the board representation. Under the 1940 Act, “Affiliate Investments” are defined as investments in those companies where the Company owns between 5% and 25% of the voting securities of such company. “Non-Control/Non-Affiliate Investments” are those that neither qualify as Control Investments nor Affiliate Investments. Transfers between classifications are assumed to have occurred at the beginning of the quarter during which the investment was reclassified.

Segments: In accordance with ASC Topic 280—Segment Reporting, the Company has determined that it has a single reporting segment and operating unit structure.

Cash and cash equivalents: Cash and cash equivalents are highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less at the date of acquisition. The Company places its cash in financial institutions and, at times, such balances may be in excess of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation insurance limits. The Company does not believe its cash balances are exposed to any significant credit risk.

Deferred financing costs: Deferred financing costs consist of fees and expenses paid in connection with the Credit Facility (as defined in Note 6) and SBA debentures. Deferred financing costs are capitalized and amortized over the term of the debt agreement using the effective interest method. Unamortized deferred financing costs are presented as an offset to the corresponding debt liabilities on the consolidated statements of assets and liabilities.

Deferred equity offering costs: Deferred equity offering costs include registration expenses related to shelf filings, including expenses related to the launch of the ATM Program. These expenses primarily consist of U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) registration fees, legal fees and accounting fees incurred. These expenses are included in prepaid assets and are charged to additional paid-in capital upon the receipt of proceeds from an equity offering or charged to expense if no offering is completed.

Realized gains or losses and unrealized appreciation or depreciation on investments: Realized gains or losses on investments are recorded upon the sale or disposition of a portfolio investment and are calculated as the difference between the net proceeds from the sale or disposition and the cost basis of the investment, without regard to unrealized appreciation or depreciation previously recognized. Net change in unrealized appreciation or depreciation on the consolidated statements of operations includes changes in the fair value of investments from the prior period, as determined in good faith by the Company’s board of directors (the “Board”) through the application of the Company’s valuation policy, as well as reclassifications of any prior period unrealized appreciation or depreciation on exited investments to realized gains or losses on investments.

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(in thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

Interest and dividend income: Interest and dividend income is recorded on the accrual basis to the extent that the Company expects to collect such amounts. Interest is accrued daily based on the outstanding principal amount and the contractual terms of the debt. Dividend income is recorded as dividends are declared or at the point an obligation exists for the portfolio company to make a distribution, and is generally recognized when received. Distributions from portfolio companies are evaluated to determine if the distribution is a distribution of earnings or a return of capital. Distributions of earnings are included in dividend income while a return of capital is recorded as a reduction in the cost basis of the investment. Estimates are adjusted as necessary after the relevant tax forms are received from the portfolio company.

Certain of the Company’s investments contain a payment-in-kind (“PIK”) income provision. The PIK income, computed at the contractual rate specified in the applicable investment agreement, is added to the principal balance of the investment, rather than being paid in cash, and recorded as interest or dividend income, as applicable, on the consolidated statements of operations. Generally, PIK can be paid-in-kind or all in cash. The Company stops accruing PIK income when there is reasonable doubt that PIK income will be collected. PIK income is included in the Company’s taxable income and, therefore, affects the amount the Company is required to pay to shareholders in the form of dividends in order to maintain the Company’s tax treatment as a RIC and to avoid corporate federal income tax, even though the Company has not yet collected the cash.

When there is reasonable doubt that principal, interest or dividends will be collected, loans or preferred equity investments are placed on non-accrual status and the Company will generally cease recognizing interest or dividend income. Interest and dividend payments received on non-accrual investments may be recognized as interest or dividend income or may be applied to the investment principal balance based on management’s judgment. Non-accrual investments are restored to accrual status when past due principal, interest or dividends are paid and, in management’s judgment, payments are likely to remain current.

Fee income: Transaction fees earned in connection with the Company’s investments are recognized as fee income and are generally non-recurring. Such fees typically include fees for services, including structuring and advisory services, provided to portfolio companies. The Company recognizes income from fees for providing such structuring and advisory services when the services are rendered or the transactions are completed. Upon the prepayment of a loan or debt security, any prepayment penalties are recorded as fee income when earned.

The Company also typically receives loan origination or closing fees in connection with investments. Such loan origination and closing fees are capitalized as unearned income and offset against investment cost basis on the consolidated statements of assets and liabilities and accreted into interest income over the life of the investment.

Warrants: In connection with the Company’s debt investments, the Company will sometimes receive warrants or other equity-related securities from the borrower (“Warrants”). The Company determines the cost basis of Warrants based upon their respective fair values on the date of receipt in proportion to the total fair value of the debt and Warrants received. Any resulting difference between the face amount of the debt and its recorded fair value resulting from the assignment of value to the Warrants is treated as original issue discount (“OID”), and accreted into interest income using the effective interest method over the term of the debt investment.

Partial loan sales: The Company follows the guidance in ASC 860, Transfers and Servicing, when accounting for loan participations and other partial loan sales. Such guidance requires a participation or other partial loan sale to meet the definition of a “participating interest,” as defined in the guidance, in order for sale treatment to be allowed. Participations or other partial loan sales which do not meet the definition of a participating interest should remain on the Company’s consolidated statement of assets and liabilities and the proceeds recorded as a secured borrowing until the definition is met. Management has determined that all participations and other partial loan sale transactions entered into by the Company have met the definition of a participating interest. Accordingly, the Company uses sale treatment in accounting for such transactions.

Income taxes: The Company has elected to be treated as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code, which will generally relieve the Company from U.S. federal income taxes with respect to all income distributed to stockholders. To maintain the tax treatment of a RIC, the Company is required to timely distribute to its stockholders at least 90.0% of “investment company taxable income,” as defined by Subchapter M of the Code, each year. Depending on the level of taxable income earned in a tax year, the Company may choose to carry forward taxable income in excess of current year distributions into the next tax year; however, the Company will pay a 4.0% excise tax if it does not distribute at least 98.0% of the current year’s ordinary taxable income. Any such carryover taxable income must be distributed through a dividend declared prior to the later of the date on which the final tax return related to the year in which the Company generated such taxable income is filed or the 15th day of the 10th month following the close of such taxable year. In addition, the Company will be subject to federal excise tax if it does not distribute at least 98.2% of its net capital gains realized, computed for any one year period ending October 31.

In the future, the Funds may be limited by provisions of the SBIC Act and SBA regulations governing SBICs from making certain distributions to FIC that may be necessary to enable FIC to make the minimum distributions required to maintain the tax treatment of a RIC.

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(in thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

The Company has certain wholly-owned taxable subsidiaries (the “Taxable Subsidiaries”), each of which generally holds one or more of the Company’s portfolio investments listed on the consolidated schedules of investments. The Taxable Subsidiaries are consolidated for financial reporting purposes, such that the Company’s consolidated financial statements reflect the Company’s investment in the portfolio company investments owned by the Taxable Subsidiaries. The purpose of the Taxable Subsidiaries is to permit the Company to hold equity investments in portfolio companies that are taxed as partnerships for U.S. federal income tax purposes (such as entities organized as limited liability companies (“LLCs”) or other forms of pass through entities) while complying with the “source-of-income” requirements contained in the RIC tax provisions. The Taxable Subsidiaries are not consolidated with the Company for U.S. federal corporate income tax purposes, and each Taxable Subsidiary will be subject to U.S. federal corporate income tax on its taxable income. Any such income or expense is reflected in the consolidated statements of operations.

U.S. federal income tax regulations differ from GAAP, and as a result, distributions in accordance with tax regulations may differ from net investment income and realized gains recognized under GAAP. Differences may be permanent or temporary. Permanent differences may arise as a result of, among other items, a difference in the book and tax basis of certain assets and nondeductible federal income taxes. Temporary differences arise when certain items of income, expense, gain or loss are recognized at some time in the future.

ASC Topic 740—Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes (“ASC Topic 740”) provides guidance for how uncertain tax positions should be recognized, measured, presented and disclosed in the consolidated financial statements. ASC Topic 740 requires the evaluation of tax positions taken in the course of preparing the Company’s tax returns to determine whether the tax positions are “more-likely-than-not” to be respected by the applicable tax authorities. Tax benefits of positions not deemed to meet the more-likely-than-not threshold would be recorded as a tax expense in the current year. It is the Company’s policy to recognize accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax benefits included in the income tax provision, if any. There were no material uncertain income tax positions at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017. The Company’s tax returns are generally subject to examination by U.S. federal and most state tax authorities for a period of three years from the date the respective returns are filed, and, accordingly, the Company’s 2014 through 2016 tax years remain subject to examination.

Distributions to stockholders: Distributions to stockholders are recorded on the record date with respect to such distributions. The amount, if any, to be distributed to stockholders, is determined by the Board each quarter and is generally based upon the earnings estimated by management. Net realized capital gains, if any, may be distributed at least annually, although the Company may decide to retain such capital gains for investment.

The determination of the tax attributes for the Company’s distributions is made annually, and is based upon the Company’s taxable income and distributions paid to its stockholders for the full year. Ordinary dividend distributions from a RIC do not qualify for the preferential tax rate on qualified dividend income from domestic corporations and qualified foreign corporations, except to the extent that the RIC received the income in the form of qualifying dividends from domestic corporations and qualified foreign corporations. The tax characterization of the Company’s distributions generally includes both ordinary income and capital gains but may also include qualified dividends or return of capital.

The Company has adopted a dividend reinvestment plan (“DRIP”) that provides for the reinvestment of dividends on behalf of its stockholders, unless a stockholder has elected to receive dividends in cash. As a result, if the Company declares a cash dividend, the Company’s stockholders who have not “opted out” of the DRIP at least two days prior to the dividend payment date will have their cash dividend automatically reinvested into additional shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company has the option to satisfy the share requirements of the DRIP through the issuance of new shares of common stock or through open market purchases of common stock by the DRIP plan administrator. Newly issued shares are valued based upon the final closing price of the Company’s common stock on a date determined by the Board. Shares purchased in the open market to satisfy the DRIP requirements will be valued based upon the average price of the applicable shares purchased by the DRIP plan administrator before any associated brokerage or other costs. See Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements regarding dividend declarations and distributions.

Earnings and net asset value per share: The earnings per share calculations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, are computed utilizing the weighted average shares outstanding for the period. Net asset value per share is calculated using the number of shares outstanding as of the end of the period.

Stock Repurchase Program: The Company has an open market stock repurchase program (the “Stock Repurchase Program”) under which the Company may acquire up to $5,000 of its outstanding common stock. Under the Stock Repurchase Program, the Company may, but is not obligated to, repurchase outstanding common stock in the open market from time to time provided that the Company complies with the prohibitions under its insider trading policies and the requirements of Rule 10b-18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, including certain price, market value and timing constraints. The timing, manner, price and amount of any share repurchases will be determined by the Company’s management, in its discretion, based upon the evaluation of economic and market conditions, stock price, capital availability, applicable legal and regulatory requirements and other corporate

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(in thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

considerations. On October 30, 2017, the Board extended the Program through December 31, 2018, or until the approved dollar amount has been used to repurchase shares. The Stock Repurchase Program does not require the Company to repurchase any specific number of shares and the Company cannot assure that any shares will be repurchased under the Stock Repurchase Program. The Stock Repurchase Program may be suspended, extended, modified or discontinued at any time. During the six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company repurchased 44,821 shares of common stock on the open market for $582. The Company did not make any repurchases of common stock during the six months ended June 30, 2017. Refer to Note 8 for additional information concerning stock repurchases.

Recent accounting pronouncements: In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Revenue Recognition (Topic 605). Under the new guidance, an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The guidance is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. The Company adopted the ASU effective January 1, 2018. The majority of the Company’s income streams are specifically excluded from the scope of the ASU as they relate to financial instruments that are within the scope of other topics, and in general the impact of adopting the ASU is not material to the Company’s consolidated financial position or disclosures.

Note 3. Portfolio Company Investments

The Company’s portfolio investments principally consist of secured and unsecured debt, equity warrants and direct equity investments in privately held companies. The debt investments may or may not be secured by either a first or second lien on the assets of the portfolio company. The debt investments generally bear interest at fixed rates, and generally mature between five and seven years from the original investment. In connection with a debt investment, the Company also may receive nominally priced equity warrants and/or make a direct equity investment in the portfolio company. The Company’s warrants or equity investments may be investments in a holding company related to the portfolio company. In addition, the Company periodically makes equity investments in its portfolio companies through Taxable Subsidiaries. In both situations, the investment is generally reported under the name of the operating company on the consolidated schedules of investments.

As of June 30, 2018, the Company had active investments in 65 portfolio companies and residual investments in two portfolio companies that have sold their underlying operations. The aggregate fair value of the total portfolio was $646,182 and the weighted average effective yield on the Company’s debt investments was 12.7% as of such date. As of June 30, 2018, the Company held equity investments in 89.6% of its portfolio companies and the average fully diluted equity ownership in those portfolio companies was 6.4%.

As of December 31, 2017, the Company had active investments in 60 portfolio companies and residual investments in three portfolio companies that have sold their underlying operations. The aggregate fair value of the total portfolio was $596,308 and the weighted average effective yield on the Company’s debt investments was 13.0% as of such date. As of December 31, 2017, the Company held equity investments in 87.3% of its portfolio companies and the average fully diluted equity ownership in those portfolio companies was 7.7%.

The weighted average yield of the Company’s debt investments is not the same as a return on investment for its stockholders but, rather, relates to a portion of the Company’s investment portfolio and is calculated before the payment of all of the Company’s and its subsidiaries’ fees and expenses. The weighted average yields were computed using the effective interest rates for debt investments at cost as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, including accretion of OID and loan origination fees, but excluding investments on non-accrual status, if any.

Purchases of debt and equity investments for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 totaled $103,989 and $87,087, respectively. Proceeds from sales and repayments, including principal, return of capital distributions and realized gains, of portfolio investments for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 totaled $65,270 and $66,733, respectively.

Investments by type with corresponding percentage of total portfolio investments consisted of the following:

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(in thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

     Fair Value     Cost  
     June 30,
2018
    December 31,
2017
    June 30,
2018
    December 31,
2017
 

Second Lien Debt

   $  397,985        61.5   $ 341,279        57.3   $  417,494        68.2   $  357,585        62.0

Subordinated Debt

     101,847        15.8       126,481        21.2       101,317        16.6       126,465        21.9  

First Lien Debt

     26,930        4.2       28,911        4.8       27,097        4.4       31,921        5.5  

Equity

     105,016        16.3       84,585        14.2       57,851        9.5       53,915        9.3  

Warrants

     14,404        2.2       15,052        2.5       7,724        1.3       7,723        1.3  

Royalty Rights

     —          —         —          —         185        —         185        —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 646,182        100.0   $ 596,308        100.0   $ 611,668        100.0   $ 577,794        100.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

All investments made by the Company as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were made in portfolio companies headquartered in the U.S. The following table shows portfolio composition by geographic region at fair value and cost and as a percentage of total investments. The geographic composition is determined by the location of the corporate headquarters of the portfolio company, which may not be indicative of the primary source of the portfolio company’s business.

 

     Fair Value     Cost  
     June 30,
2018
    December 31,
2017
    June 30,
2018
    December 31,
2017
 

Midwest

   $  170,933        26.4   $ 167,967        28.2   $  168,671        27.6   $  161,809        28.1

Southeast

     164,757        25.5       130,237        21.8       150,493        24.6       130,694        22.6  

Northeast

     89,910        13.9       107,814        18.1       82,089        13.4       105,267        18.2  

West

     62,526        9.7       63,396        10.6       53,944        8.8       53,970        9.3  

Southwest

     158,056        24.5       126,894        21.3       156,471        25.6       126,054        21.8  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 646,182        100.0   $ 596,308        100.0   $ 611,668        100.0   $ 577,794        100.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table shows portfolio composition by type and by geographic region at fair value as a percentage of net assets.

 

     By Type          By Geographic Region  
         June 30,    
2018
    December 31,
2017
             June 30,    
2018
    December 31,
2017
 
           

Second Lien Debt

     100.5     86.7   Midwest      43.1     42.7

Subordinated Debt

     25.7       32.2     Southeast      41.6       33.1  

First Lien Debt

     6.8       7.4     Northeast      22.7       27.4  

Equity

     26.5       21.5     West      15.8       16.1  

Warrants

     3.6       3.8     Southwest      39.9       32.3  

Royalty Rights

     —         —           
  

 

 

   

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

     163.1     151.6   Total      163.1     151.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

 

As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had no portfolio company investments that represented more than 10% of the total investment portfolio on a fair value or cost basis.

As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had debt investments in three and two portfolio companies on non-accrual status, respectively:

 

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FIDUS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(in thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

     June 30, 2018     December 31, 2017  

Portfolio Company

   Fair
Value
    Cost     Fair
Value
    Cost  

Cavallo Bus Lines Holdings, LLC

   $  2,000     $ 7,375     $ —   (2)    $ —   (2) 

Inflexxion, Inc.

     —         150       —   (2)      —   (2) 

Restaurant Finance Co, LLC

     1,989       9,314       2,046       9,314  

Six Month Smiles Holdings, Inc.

     —   (1)      —   (1)      5,041       9,377